Natural course of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis after 2 years in korean children

Seung Hoon Lee, Ji Ho Choi, Jeffrey D. Suh, Sochung Chung, Seok Chan Hong, Jin Kook Kim, Jae Hoon Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. Allergic and nonallergic rhinitis are very common disease for children, however, little is known about their natural courses in the general population.The purpose is to evaluate the natural course of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis in children. Methods. We analyzed data from Snoring Child Cohort of 178 children (107 boys and 71 girls). All children entered the study at the age of 7 years (range, 6.5 to 7.4 years). Questionnaires regarding chronic rhinitis, a skin prick test (SPT) for 5 inhalent allergens, and specific IgE for 2 dust mites were administered. Children were classified into 4 groups: allergic rhinitis (rhinitis, positive SPT), nonallergic rhinitis (rhinitis, negative SPT), sensitization only (no rhinitis, positive SPT), and control (no rhinitis, negative SPT). We repeated follow them annually, and analyzed the data of first and third year for this study. Results. Finally, the data of 122 children were analyzed. Among 18 children with allergic rhinitis at 7 year, 13 (72%) became sensitization only after 2 years and 5 (28%) were remained having allergic rhinitis. Five out of 19 children (26%) with nonallergic rhinitis developed into allergic rhinitis and 7 (37%) into control at 9 years. Twenty-four out of 28 children (86%) with sensitization only at 7 years remained the same at 9 years.Among 57 control children at 7 year, 2 (4%) developed into allergic rhinitis, 7 (12%) with nonallergic rhinitis, and 16 (28%) with sensitization only at 9 years. Conclusion. The status of chronic rhinitis and allergen sensitization is ever-changing in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-237
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Rhinitis
Skin Tests
Allergens
Allergic Rhinitis
Snoring
Mites
Dust
Immunoglobulin E

Keywords

  • Allergens
  • Allergic
  • Child
  • Rhinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Natural course of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis after 2 years in korean children. / Lee, Seung Hoon; Choi, Ji Ho; Suh, Jeffrey D.; Chung, Sochung; Hong, Seok Chan; Kim, Jin Kook; Cho, Jae Hoon.

In: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.09.2016, p. 233-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Seung Hoon ; Choi, Ji Ho ; Suh, Jeffrey D. ; Chung, Sochung ; Hong, Seok Chan ; Kim, Jin Kook ; Cho, Jae Hoon. / Natural course of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis after 2 years in korean children. In: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 233-237.
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