Necessity of Interfragmentary Lag Screws in Precontoured Lateral Locking Plate Fixation for Supination-External Rotation Lateral Malleolar Fractures

Young Hwan Park, Hyun Woo Cho, Gi Won Choi, Hak Jun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Interfragmentary lag screws, protected by a plate, have been applied for many years in the treatment of supination-external rotation (SER) ankle fractures. Recently, similar biomechanical stability was found between fixation completed with a plate and lag screw and a plate alone. The aim of this study was to determine whether interfragmentary lag screws are necessary during precontoured lateral locking plate fixation for SER lateral malleolar fractures. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial of 76 patients with unilateral Lauge-Hansen SER lateral malleolar fractures was conducted. The patients were randomly treated either with or without the use of interfragmentary lag screws with precontoured lateral locking plate fixation. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Olerud-Molander Ankle Score and a visual analog scale for pain. Radiologic outcomes were assessed based on the Kellgren and Lawrence scale score, incongruity of the ankle joint, and type of fracture healing. Sixty-nine patients completed 12 months of follow-up. Results: There was no significant difference between the 2 groups with regard to clinical outcomes at 3 and 12 months after surgery and radiologic outcomes at 12 months after surgery. All patients in both groups achieved primary bone healing. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that with precontoured lateral locking plate fixation, the use of interfragmentary lag screw is not essential in the treatment SER lateral malleolar fractures. Level of Evidence: Level I, prospective randomized study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)818-826
Number of pages9
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 1

Keywords

  • ankle fracture
  • fracture fixation
  • internal fixators
  • outcomes assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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