Needle-free pneumatic injection device; histologic assessment using a rat model and parameter comparison in predicting collagen synthesis degree

Seung Hyun Chun, Bo Young Kim, Sheila Natari, Il-Hwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Needle-free pneumatic injections have been recently introduced to the field of dermatology to inject such substances as hyaluronic acid. However, data on the influence of various pneumatic injection parameters on collagen synthesis are lacking. Objective: Compare the effect of diameter, pressure, and volume of a pneumatic injection jet on collagen synthesis and fluid dispersion pattern using a rat model. Investigate if the total work force of the injection jet is useful in predicting the degree of collagen synthesis. Materials and Methods: We injected fluid with 1 mg/ml of hyaluronic concentration to adult rats. Different injection pressures and volumes were tested using devices with nozzles of different diameters. Collagen synthesis areas were then measured, and statistical analyses were performed. Results: The area of collagen fibers increased for up to two months. The injection pressure and volume did not correlate with the degree of collagen synthesis. The nozzle diameter showed a significant after two and four weeks of injection. The total work force correlated with collagen synthesis 2, 4, and 8 weeks post-injection. (P = 0.043, 0.027, and 0.000, respectively). Conclusion: Collagen formation is more prominent 2 months post-hyaluronic acid injection than after 1 month when using a needle-free pneumatic injection device. The total work force, which is affected by both the nozzle diameter and injection pressure, can be helpful in predicting the degree of collagen synthesis. Lasers Surg. Med. 9999:XX–XX, 2018.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLasers in Surgery and Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • hyaluronic acid
  • pneumatic injection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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