Negative-/positive-bias-instability analysis of the memory characteristics improved by hydrogen postannealing in MANOS capacitors

Hee Dong Kim, Ho Myoung An, Yujeong Seo, Yongjie Zhang, Tae Geun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


We report the effect of hydrogen annealing on the gate-leakage-current and switching characteristics of metalaluminanitrideoxidesilicon (MANOS) capacitors by analyzing their negative-/positive-bias instability (NBI/PBI). One sample, namely, A, is annealed with rapid thermal annealing (RTA), and the other sample, namely, B, is first annealed with RTA and then further annealed in a furnace, using a $\hbox{N}-{2}{-}\hbox{H}-{2}$ (98% nitrogen and 2% hydrogen) gas mixture. In the NBI/PBI experiments, the flatband voltage shift $\Delta V-{\rm FB}$ is observed to be smaller, i.e., the gate-leakage-current density is reduced for sample B at gate voltages less than $\pm$3 V, a domain where trap-assisted tunneling is dominant. However, $\Delta V-{\rm FB}$ increases rapidly for the same sample at gate voltages larger than $\pm$6 V, a domain where the modified FowlerNordheim tunneling (MFNT) is dominant, which indicates faster program-and-erase characteristics. These results show that additional hydrogen annealing can improve both device reliability and switching characteristics of the MANOS-type memory by reducing interface traps between the silicon substrate and silicon oxide layers, as well as turn-on voltages for MFNT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5339160
Pages (from-to)295-300
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun 1


  • Flash memory
  • Metal-alumina-nitride-oxide-silicon (MANOS)
  • Negative-bias (NB) temperature instabilities (NBTIs)
  • Passivation effect
  • Positive-bias (PB) temperature instabilities (PBTIs)
  • Postannealing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Negative-/positive-bias-instability analysis of the memory characteristics improved by hydrogen postannealing in MANOS capacitors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this