Negative regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene expression by a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in the rat hypothalamus

Y. G. Han, S. S. Kang, Jae Young Seong, Dongho Geum, Y. H. Suh, Kyungjin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There exists evidence for the presence of ultrashort loop feedback circuits of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in the hypothalamus. It is, however, uncertain whether a similar mechanism is involved in the regulation of GnRH gene expression in vivo. Furthermore, little is known about the regulation of GnRH receptor (GnRHR) expression in the brain. In the present study, we examined the regulation of GnRH and its receptor gene expression by GnRH in vivo. A GnRH agonist, [D-Ala6, des-Gly10]GnRH-ethylamide (des-Gly GnRH), was administered by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection via the lateral ventricle of ovariectomized and estradiol (OVX + E)-treated rats. The amounts of GnRH and GnRHR mRNA were measured in the preoptic area (POA) and posterior mediobasal hypothalamus (pMBH) micropunch samples from individual rat brain slices by respective competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions. The i.c.v. administration of des-Gly GnRH significantly decreased GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression in a dose-and time-related manner: des-Gly GnRH (6 ng) suppressed GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression within 2 h, and the suppression was maintained without significant variation until 8 h after treatment. Treatment with Antide, [N-Ac-D-Nal(2)1, pCl-D-Phe2, D-Pal(3)3, Lys(Nic)5, D-Lys(Nic)6, Lys(iPR)6, D-Ala10]GnRH (10 ng), a potent GnRH antagonist, did not alter GnRH mRNA expression, but prevented des-Gly GnRH-induced suppression of GnRH mRNA expression. Antide alone decreased GnRHR mRNA expression, but failed to alter agonist-induced suppression of GnRHR mRNA expression. These results demonstrate the existence of an ultrashort loop feedback mechanism for GnRH gene expression in the POA, along with homologous down-regulation of GnRHR mRNA expression in the pMBH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-201
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

LHRH Receptors
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Hypothalamus
Gene Expression
Messenger RNA
Posterior Hypothalamus
Preoptic Area
Hormone Antagonists
Lateral Ventricles
Brain
Reverse Transcription

Keywords

  • Gene expression
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor
  • Homologous down-regulation
  • Ultrashort loop feedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Negative regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene expression by a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in the rat hypothalamus",
abstract = "There exists evidence for the presence of ultrashort loop feedback circuits of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in the hypothalamus. It is, however, uncertain whether a similar mechanism is involved in the regulation of GnRH gene expression in vivo. Furthermore, little is known about the regulation of GnRH receptor (GnRHR) expression in the brain. In the present study, we examined the regulation of GnRH and its receptor gene expression by GnRH in vivo. A GnRH agonist, [D-Ala6, des-Gly10]GnRH-ethylamide (des-Gly GnRH), was administered by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection via the lateral ventricle of ovariectomized and estradiol (OVX + E)-treated rats. The amounts of GnRH and GnRHR mRNA were measured in the preoptic area (POA) and posterior mediobasal hypothalamus (pMBH) micropunch samples from individual rat brain slices by respective competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions. The i.c.v. administration of des-Gly GnRH significantly decreased GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression in a dose-and time-related manner: des-Gly GnRH (6 ng) suppressed GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression within 2 h, and the suppression was maintained without significant variation until 8 h after treatment. Treatment with Antide, [N-Ac-D-Nal(2)1, pCl-D-Phe2, D-Pal(3)3, Lys(Nic)5, D-Lys(Nic)6, Lys(iPR)6, D-Ala10]GnRH (10 ng), a potent GnRH antagonist, did not alter GnRH mRNA expression, but prevented des-Gly GnRH-induced suppression of GnRH mRNA expression. Antide alone decreased GnRHR mRNA expression, but failed to alter agonist-induced suppression of GnRHR mRNA expression. These results demonstrate the existence of an ultrashort loop feedback mechanism for GnRH gene expression in the POA, along with homologous down-regulation of GnRHR mRNA expression in the pMBH.",
keywords = "Gene expression, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor, Homologous down-regulation, Ultrashort loop feedback",
author = "Han, {Y. G.} and Kang, {S. S.} and Seong, {Jae Young} and Dongho Geum and Suh, {Y. H.} and Kyungjin Kim",
year = "1999",
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T1 - Negative regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene expression by a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in the rat hypothalamus

AU - Han, Y. G.

AU - Kang, S. S.

AU - Seong, Jae Young

AU - Geum, Dongho

AU - Suh, Y. H.

AU - Kim, Kyungjin

PY - 1999/3/1

Y1 - 1999/3/1

N2 - There exists evidence for the presence of ultrashort loop feedback circuits of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in the hypothalamus. It is, however, uncertain whether a similar mechanism is involved in the regulation of GnRH gene expression in vivo. Furthermore, little is known about the regulation of GnRH receptor (GnRHR) expression in the brain. In the present study, we examined the regulation of GnRH and its receptor gene expression by GnRH in vivo. A GnRH agonist, [D-Ala6, des-Gly10]GnRH-ethylamide (des-Gly GnRH), was administered by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection via the lateral ventricle of ovariectomized and estradiol (OVX + E)-treated rats. The amounts of GnRH and GnRHR mRNA were measured in the preoptic area (POA) and posterior mediobasal hypothalamus (pMBH) micropunch samples from individual rat brain slices by respective competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions. The i.c.v. administration of des-Gly GnRH significantly decreased GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression in a dose-and time-related manner: des-Gly GnRH (6 ng) suppressed GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression within 2 h, and the suppression was maintained without significant variation until 8 h after treatment. Treatment with Antide, [N-Ac-D-Nal(2)1, pCl-D-Phe2, D-Pal(3)3, Lys(Nic)5, D-Lys(Nic)6, Lys(iPR)6, D-Ala10]GnRH (10 ng), a potent GnRH antagonist, did not alter GnRH mRNA expression, but prevented des-Gly GnRH-induced suppression of GnRH mRNA expression. Antide alone decreased GnRHR mRNA expression, but failed to alter agonist-induced suppression of GnRHR mRNA expression. These results demonstrate the existence of an ultrashort loop feedback mechanism for GnRH gene expression in the POA, along with homologous down-regulation of GnRHR mRNA expression in the pMBH.

AB - There exists evidence for the presence of ultrashort loop feedback circuits of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in the hypothalamus. It is, however, uncertain whether a similar mechanism is involved in the regulation of GnRH gene expression in vivo. Furthermore, little is known about the regulation of GnRH receptor (GnRHR) expression in the brain. In the present study, we examined the regulation of GnRH and its receptor gene expression by GnRH in vivo. A GnRH agonist, [D-Ala6, des-Gly10]GnRH-ethylamide (des-Gly GnRH), was administered by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection via the lateral ventricle of ovariectomized and estradiol (OVX + E)-treated rats. The amounts of GnRH and GnRHR mRNA were measured in the preoptic area (POA) and posterior mediobasal hypothalamus (pMBH) micropunch samples from individual rat brain slices by respective competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions. The i.c.v. administration of des-Gly GnRH significantly decreased GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression in a dose-and time-related manner: des-Gly GnRH (6 ng) suppressed GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression within 2 h, and the suppression was maintained without significant variation until 8 h after treatment. Treatment with Antide, [N-Ac-D-Nal(2)1, pCl-D-Phe2, D-Pal(3)3, Lys(Nic)5, D-Lys(Nic)6, Lys(iPR)6, D-Ala10]GnRH (10 ng), a potent GnRH antagonist, did not alter GnRH mRNA expression, but prevented des-Gly GnRH-induced suppression of GnRH mRNA expression. Antide alone decreased GnRHR mRNA expression, but failed to alter agonist-induced suppression of GnRHR mRNA expression. These results demonstrate the existence of an ultrashort loop feedback mechanism for GnRH gene expression in the POA, along with homologous down-regulation of GnRHR mRNA expression in the pMBH.

KW - Gene expression

KW - Gonadotropin-releasing hormone

KW - Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor

KW - Homologous down-regulation

KW - Ultrashort loop feedback

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U2 - 10.1046/j.1365-2826.1999.00307.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1365-2826.1999.00307.x

M3 - Article

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EP - 201

JO - Journal of Neuroendocrinology

JF - Journal of Neuroendocrinology

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