There exists evidence for the presence of ultrashort loop feedback circuits of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in the hypothalamus. It is, however, uncertain whether a similar mechanism is involved in the regulation of GnRH gene expression in vivo. Furthermore, little is known about the regulation of GnRH receptor (GnRHR) expression in the brain. In the present study, we examined the regulation of GnRH and its receptor gene expression by GnRH in vivo. A GnRH agonist, [D-Ala6, des-Gly10]GnRH-ethylamide (des-Gly GnRH), was administered by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection via the lateral ventricle of ovariectomized and estradiol (OVX + E)-treated rats. The amounts of GnRH and GnRHR mRNA were measured in the preoptic area (POA) and posterior mediobasal hypothalamus (pMBH) micropunch samples from individual rat brain slices by respective competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions. The i.c.v. administration of des-Gly GnRH significantly decreased GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression in a dose-and time-related manner: des-Gly GnRH (6 ng) suppressed GnRH and GnRHR mRNA expression within 2 h, and the suppression was maintained without significant variation until 8 h after treatment. Treatment with Antide, [N-Ac-D-Nal(2)1, pCl-D-Phe2, D-Pal(3)3, Lys(Nic)5, D-Lys(Nic)6, Lys(iPR)6, D-Ala10]GnRH (10 ng), a potent GnRH antagonist, did not alter GnRH mRNA expression, but prevented des-Gly GnRH-induced suppression of GnRH mRNA expression. Antide alone decreased GnRHR mRNA expression, but failed to alter agonist-induced suppression of GnRHR mRNA expression. These results demonstrate the existence of an ultrashort loop feedback mechanism for GnRH gene expression in the POA, along with homologous down-regulation of GnRHR mRNA expression in the pMBH.
- Gene expression
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor
- Homologous down-regulation
- Ultrashort loop feedback
ASJC Scopus subject areas