Neuroplasticity, Neurotransmission and Brain-Related Genes in Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder: Focus on Treatment Outcomes in an Asiatic Sample

Marco Calabrò, Laura Mandelli, Concetta Crisafulli, Soo Jung Lee, Tae Youn Jun, Sheng Min Wang, Ashwin A. Patkar, Prakash S. Masand, Francesco Benedetti, Changsu Han, Chi Un Pae, Alessandro Serretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Mood disorders are common and disabling disorders. Despite the availability of over 100 psychotropic compounds, only one-third of patients benefit from first-line treatments. Over the past 20 years, many studies have focused on the biological factors modulating disease risk and response to treatments, but with still inconclusive data. In order to improve our current knowledge, in this study, we investigated the role of a set of genes involved in different pathways (neurotransmission, neuroplasticity, circadian rhythms, transcription factors, signal transduction and cellular metabolism) in the treatment outcome of major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) after naturalistic pharmacological treatment. Methods: Totals of 242 MDD, 132 BD patients and 326 healthy controls of Asian ethnicity (Koreans) were genotyped for polymorphisms within 19 genes. Response and remission after 6–8 weeks of treatment with antidepressants and mood stabilizers were evaluated. In secondary analyses, genetic associations with disease risk and some disease-associated features (age of onset, suicide attempt and psychotic BD) were also tested. Results: None of the variants within the investigated genes was significantly associated with treatment outcomes. Some marginal association (uncorrected p < 0.01) was observed for HTR2A, BDNF, CHL1, RORA and HOMER1 SNPs. In secondary analyses, HTR2A (rs643627, p = 0.002) and CHL1 (rs4003413, p = 0.002) were found associated with risk for BD, HOMER1 (rs6872497, p = 0.002) with lifetime history of suicide attempt in patients, and RORA with early onset and presence of psychotic features in BD. Marginal results were also observed for ST8SIA2 and COMT. Discussion: Despite limitations linked to multiple testing on small samples, methodological shortcomings and small significance of the findings, this study may support the involvement of some candidate genes in the outcomes of treatments for mood disorders, as well as in BD risk and other disease features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1656-1670
Number of pages15
JournalAdvances in Therapy
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1

Keywords

  • BDNF
  • Bipolar disorder
  • CHL1
  • HOMER1
  • HTR2A
  • Major depression
  • Neuroplasticity
  • Neurotransmission
  • RORA
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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