Neuroprotection against 6-OHDA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells by 5,7-Dihydroxychromone

Activation of the Nrf2/ARE pathway

Dong Woo Kim, Kyoung Tae Lee, Jaeyoung Kwon, Hak Ju Lee, Dongho Lee, Woongchon Mar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aims The aim of this study was to prove the neuroprotective effect of 5,7-Dihydroxychromone (DHC) through the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. To elucidate the mechanism, we investigated whether 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells could be attenuated by DHC via activating the Nrf2/ARE signal and whether DHC could down-regulate 6-OHDA-induced excessive ROS generation Main methods To evaluate the neuroprotective effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis, FACS analysis was performed using PI staining. The inhibitory effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced ROS generation was evaluated by DCFH-DA staining assay. Additionally, translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and increased Nrf2/ARE binding activity, which subsequently resulted in the up-regulation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant gene expressions including HO-1, NQO1, and GCLc, were evaluated by Western blotting and EMSA. Key findings Pre-treatment of DHC, one of the constituents of Cudrania tricuspidata, significantly protects 6-OHDA-induced neuronal cell death and ROS generation. Also, DHC inhibited the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and cleaved PARP in 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells. DHC induced the translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and increased Nrf2/ARE binding activity which results in the up-regulation of the expression of Nrf2-dependent antioxidant genes, including HO-1, NQO1, and GCLc. The addition of Nrf2 siRNA abolished the neuroprotective effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity and the expression of Nrf2-mediated antioxidant genes. Significance Activation of Nrf2/ARE signal by DHC exerted neuroprotective effects against 6-OHDA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. This finding will give an insight that activating Nrf2/ARE signal could be a new potential therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalLife Sciences
Volume130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Oxidative stress
Oxidopamine
Oxidative Stress
Chemical activation
Apoptosis
Neuroprotective Agents
Antioxidants
Up-Regulation
Genes
Moraceae
5,7-dihydroxychromone
Neuroprotection
Neurodegenerative diseases
Staining and Labeling
Caspase 9
Cell death
Gene expression
Caspase 3
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Small Interfering RNA

Keywords

  • 5 7-Dihydroxychromone
  • 6-OHDA
  • Cudrania tricuspidata
  • Neuroprotection
  • Nrf2/ARE pathway
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Neuroprotection against 6-OHDA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells by 5,7-Dihydroxychromone : Activation of the Nrf2/ARE pathway. / Kim, Dong Woo; Lee, Kyoung Tae; Kwon, Jaeyoung; Lee, Hak Ju; Lee, Dongho; Mar, Woongchon.

In: Life Sciences, Vol. 130, 01.06.2015, p. 25-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Dong Woo ; Lee, Kyoung Tae ; Kwon, Jaeyoung ; Lee, Hak Ju ; Lee, Dongho ; Mar, Woongchon. / Neuroprotection against 6-OHDA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells by 5,7-Dihydroxychromone : Activation of the Nrf2/ARE pathway. In: Life Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 130. pp. 25-30.
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abstract = "Aims The aim of this study was to prove the neuroprotective effect of 5,7-Dihydroxychromone (DHC) through the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. To elucidate the mechanism, we investigated whether 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells could be attenuated by DHC via activating the Nrf2/ARE signal and whether DHC could down-regulate 6-OHDA-induced excessive ROS generation Main methods To evaluate the neuroprotective effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis, FACS analysis was performed using PI staining. The inhibitory effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced ROS generation was evaluated by DCFH-DA staining assay. Additionally, translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and increased Nrf2/ARE binding activity, which subsequently resulted in the up-regulation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant gene expressions including HO-1, NQO1, and GCLc, were evaluated by Western blotting and EMSA. Key findings Pre-treatment of DHC, one of the constituents of Cudrania tricuspidata, significantly protects 6-OHDA-induced neuronal cell death and ROS generation. Also, DHC inhibited the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and cleaved PARP in 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells. DHC induced the translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and increased Nrf2/ARE binding activity which results in the up-regulation of the expression of Nrf2-dependent antioxidant genes, including HO-1, NQO1, and GCLc. The addition of Nrf2 siRNA abolished the neuroprotective effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity and the expression of Nrf2-mediated antioxidant genes. Significance Activation of Nrf2/ARE signal by DHC exerted neuroprotective effects against 6-OHDA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. This finding will give an insight that activating Nrf2/ARE signal could be a new potential therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative disease.",
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AU - Lee, Kyoung Tae

AU - Kwon, Jaeyoung

AU - Lee, Hak Ju

AU - Lee, Dongho

AU - Mar, Woongchon

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N2 - Aims The aim of this study was to prove the neuroprotective effect of 5,7-Dihydroxychromone (DHC) through the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. To elucidate the mechanism, we investigated whether 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells could be attenuated by DHC via activating the Nrf2/ARE signal and whether DHC could down-regulate 6-OHDA-induced excessive ROS generation Main methods To evaluate the neuroprotective effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis, FACS analysis was performed using PI staining. The inhibitory effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced ROS generation was evaluated by DCFH-DA staining assay. Additionally, translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and increased Nrf2/ARE binding activity, which subsequently resulted in the up-regulation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant gene expressions including HO-1, NQO1, and GCLc, were evaluated by Western blotting and EMSA. Key findings Pre-treatment of DHC, one of the constituents of Cudrania tricuspidata, significantly protects 6-OHDA-induced neuronal cell death and ROS generation. Also, DHC inhibited the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and cleaved PARP in 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells. DHC induced the translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and increased Nrf2/ARE binding activity which results in the up-regulation of the expression of Nrf2-dependent antioxidant genes, including HO-1, NQO1, and GCLc. The addition of Nrf2 siRNA abolished the neuroprotective effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity and the expression of Nrf2-mediated antioxidant genes. Significance Activation of Nrf2/ARE signal by DHC exerted neuroprotective effects against 6-OHDA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. This finding will give an insight that activating Nrf2/ARE signal could be a new potential therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative disease.

AB - Aims The aim of this study was to prove the neuroprotective effect of 5,7-Dihydroxychromone (DHC) through the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. To elucidate the mechanism, we investigated whether 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells could be attenuated by DHC via activating the Nrf2/ARE signal and whether DHC could down-regulate 6-OHDA-induced excessive ROS generation Main methods To evaluate the neuroprotective effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis, FACS analysis was performed using PI staining. The inhibitory effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced ROS generation was evaluated by DCFH-DA staining assay. Additionally, translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and increased Nrf2/ARE binding activity, which subsequently resulted in the up-regulation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant gene expressions including HO-1, NQO1, and GCLc, were evaluated by Western blotting and EMSA. Key findings Pre-treatment of DHC, one of the constituents of Cudrania tricuspidata, significantly protects 6-OHDA-induced neuronal cell death and ROS generation. Also, DHC inhibited the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and cleaved PARP in 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells. DHC induced the translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and increased Nrf2/ARE binding activity which results in the up-regulation of the expression of Nrf2-dependent antioxidant genes, including HO-1, NQO1, and GCLc. The addition of Nrf2 siRNA abolished the neuroprotective effect of DHC against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity and the expression of Nrf2-mediated antioxidant genes. Significance Activation of Nrf2/ARE signal by DHC exerted neuroprotective effects against 6-OHDA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. This finding will give an insight that activating Nrf2/ARE signal could be a new potential therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative disease.

KW - 5 7-Dihydroxychromone

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KW - Cudrania tricuspidata

KW - Neuroprotection

KW - Nrf2/ARE pathway

KW - Oxidative stress

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