Neutral pion production with respect to centrality and reaction plane in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV

A. Adare, S. Afanasiev, C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, H. Al-Bataineh, J. Alexander, K. Aoki, Y. Aramaki, E. T. Atomssa, R. Averbeck, T. C. Awes, B. Azmoun, V. Babintsev, M. Bai, G. Baksay, L. Baksay, K. N. Barish, B. Bassalleck, A. T. BasyeS. Bathe, V. Baublis, C. Baumann, A. Bazilevsky, S. Belikov, R. Belmont, R. Bennett, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, A. A. Bickley, J. S. Bok, K. Boyle, M. L. Brooks, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, G. Bunce, S. Butsyk, C. M. Camacho, S. Campbell, C. H. Chen, C. Y. Chi, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, R. K. Choudhury, P. Christiansen, T. Chujo, P. Chung, O. Chvala, V. Cianciolo, Z. Citron, B. A. Cole, M. Connors, P. Constantin, M. Csanád, T. Csörgo, T. Dahms, S. Dairaku, I. Danchev, K. Das, A. Datta, G. David, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, O. Dietzsch, A. Dion, M. Donadelli, O. Drapier, A. Drees, K. A. Drees, J. M. Durham, A. Durum, D. Dutta, S. Edwards, Y. V. Efremenko, F. Ellinghaus, T. Engelmore, A. Enokizono, H. En'Yo, S. Esumi, B. Fadem, D. E. Fields, M. Finger, M. Finger, F. Fleuret, S. L. Fokin, Z. Fraenkel, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, K. Fujiwara, Y. Fukao, T. Fusayasu, I. Garishvili, A. Glenn, H. Gong, M. Gonin, Y. Goto, R. Granier De Cassagnac, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, T. Gunji, H. A. Gustafsson, J. S. Haggerty, K. I. Hahn, H. Hamagaki, J. Hamblen, R. Han, J. Hanks, E. P. Hartouni, E. Haslum, R. Hayano, X. He, M. Heffner, T. K. Hemmick, T. Hester, J. C. Hill, M. Hohlmann, W. Holzmann, K. Homma, B. Hong, T. Horaguchi, D. Hornback, S. Huang, T. Ichihara, R. Ichimiya, J. Ide, Y. Ikeda, K. Imai, M. Inaba, D. Isenhower, M. Ishihara, T. Isobe, M. Issah, A. Isupov, D. Ivanischev, B. V. Jacak, J. Jia, J. Jin, B. M. Johnson, K. S. Joo, D. Jouan, D. S. Jumper, F. Kajihara, S. Kametani, N. Kamihara, J. Kamin, J. H. Kang, J. Kapustinsky, K. Karatsu, D. Kawall, M. Kawashima, A. V. Kazantsev, T. Kempel, A. Khanzadeev, K. M. Kijima, B. I. Kim, D. H. Kim, D. J. Kim, E. Kim, E. J. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. J. Kim, E. Kinney, K. Kiriluk, A. Kiss, E. Kistenev, L. Kochenda, B. Komkov, M. Konno, J. Koster, D. Kotchetkov, A. Kozlov, A. Král, A. Kravitz, G. J. Kunde, K. Kurita, M. Kurosawa, Y. Kwon, G. S. Kyle, R. Lacey, Y. S. Lai, J. G. Lajoie, A. Lebedev, D. M. Lee, J. Lee, K. Lee, K. B. Lee, K. S. Lee, M. J. Leitch, M. A.L. Leite, E. Leitner, B. Lenzi, X. Li, P. Liebing, L. A. Linden Levy, T. Liška, A. Litvinenko, H. Liu, M. X. Liu, B. Love, R. Luechtenborg, D. Lynch, C. F. Maguire, Y. I. Makdisi, A. Malakhov, M. D. Malik, V. I. Manko, E. Mannel, Y. Mao, H. Masui, F. Matathias, M. McCumber, P. L. McGaughey, N. Means, B. Meredith, Y. Miake, A. C. Mignerey, P. Mikeš, K. Miki, A. Milov, M. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, A. K. Mohanty, Y. Morino, A. Morreale, D. P. Morrison, T. V. Moukhanova, J. Murata, S. Nagamiya, J. L. Nagle, M. Naglis, M. I. Nagy, I. Nakagawa, Y. Nakamiya, T. Nakamura, K. Nakano, J. Newby, M. Nguyen, T. Niida, R. Nouicer, A. S. Nyanin, E. O'Brien, S. X. Oda, C. A. Ogilvie, M. Oka, K. Okada, Y. Onuki, A. Oskarsson, M. Ouchida, K. Ozawa, R. Pak, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, I. H. Park, J. Park, S. K. Park, W. J. Park, S. F. Pate, H. Pei, J. C. Peng, H. Pereira, V. Peresedov, D. Yu Peressounko, C. Pinkenburg, R. P. Pisani, M. Proissl, M. L. Purschke, A. K. Purwar, H. Qu, J. Rak, A. Rakotozafindrabe, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, K. Reygers, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, E. Richardson, D. Roach, G. Roche, S. D. Rolnick, M. Rosati, C. A. Rosen, S. S.E. Rosendahl, P. Rosnet, P. Rukoyatkin, P. Ružička, B. Sahlmueller, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, K. Sakashita, V. Samsonov, S. Sano, T. Sato, S. Sawada, K. Sedgwick, J. Seele, R. Seidl, A. Yu Semenov, R. Seto, D. Sharma, I. Shein, T. A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, K. Shoji, P. Shukla, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, C. Silvestre, K. S. Sim, B. K. Singh, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. Slunečka, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, N. A. Sparks, P. W. Stankus, E. Stenlund, S. P. Stoll, T. Sugitate, A. Sukhanov, J. Sziklai, E. M. Takagui, A. Taketani, R. Tanabe, Y. Tanaka, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, S. Tarafdar, A. Taranenko, P. Tarján, H. Themann, T. L. Thomas, M. Togawa, A. Toia, L. Tomášek, H. Torii, R. S. Towell, I. Tserruya, Y. Tsuchimoto, C. Vale, H. Valle, H. W. Van Hecke, E. Vazquez-Zambrano, A. Veicht, J. Velkovska, R. Vértesi, A. A. Vinogradov, M. Virius, V. Vrba, E. Vznuzdaev, X. R. Wang, D. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, F. Wei, R. Wei, J. Wessels, S. N. White, D. Winter, J. P. Wood, C. L. Woody, R. M. Wright, M. Wysocki, W. Xie, Y. L. Yamaguchi, K. Yamaura, R. Yang, A. Yanovich, J. Ying, S. Yokkaichi, Z. You, G. R. Young, I. Younus, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, C. Zhang, S. Zhou, L. Zolin

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Abstract

The PHENIX experiment has measured the production of π0s in Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV. The new data offer a fourfold increase in recorded luminosity, providing higher precision and a larger reach in transverse momentum, pT, to 20 GeV/c. The production ratio of η/π0 is 0.46±0.01(stat)±0.05(syst), constant with p T and collision centrality. The observed ratio is consistent with earlier measurements, as well as with the p+p and d+Au values. π0 are suppressed by a factor of 5, as in earlier findings. However, with the improved statistical precision a small but significant rise of the nuclear modification factor RAA vs pT, with a slope of 0.0106±0.00290. 0034 (Gev/c)-1, is discernible in central collisions. A phenomenological extraction of the average fractional parton energy loss shows a decrease with increasing pT. To study the path-length dependence of suppression, the π0 yield is measured at different angles with respect to the event plane; a strong azimuthal dependence of the π0 RAA is observed. The data are compared to theoretical models of parton energy loss as a function of the path length L in the medium. Models based on perturbative quantum chromodynamics are insufficient to describe the data, while a hybrid model utilizing pQCD for the hard interactions and anti-de-Sitter space/conformal field theory (AdS/CFT) for the soft interactions is consistent with the data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034911
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume87
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Adare, A., Afanasiev, S., Aidala, C., Ajitanand, N. N., Akiba, Y., Al-Bataineh, H., Alexander, J., Aoki, K., Aramaki, Y., Atomssa, E. T., Averbeck, R., Awes, T. C., Azmoun, B., Babintsev, V., Bai, M., Baksay, G., Baksay, L., Barish, K. N., Bassalleck, B., ... Zolin, L. (2013). Neutral pion production with respect to centrality and reaction plane in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV. Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, 87(3), [034911]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.87.034911