In this paper, we study a joint spatial division multiplexing (JSDM) beamforming scheme, which enables large-scale spatial multiplexing gains for massive multi-input multi-output downlink systems. In contrast to the conventional JSDM, which employs a block diagonalization method as a pre-beamformer, we aim to maximize sum-rate by applying minimum-mean-squared error (MMSE) approaches when designing a pre-beamformer and a multi-user precoder sequentially. First, to suppress inter-group interference, we design the pre-beamformer, which minimizes an upper bound of the sum mean-squared-error in the large-scale array regime. Then, to mitigate same-group interference, we present the multi-user precoder based on the weighted MMSE (WMMSE) optimization method, which requires the same channel state information overhead as the conventional JSDM. Also, in order to reduce the computational complexity, we compute deterministic equivalents of the WMMSE beamforming parameters to generate the beamformers by employing asymptotic results of large system analysis. Through simulation results, we confirm that the proposed two-step beamforming methods bring substantial performance gains in terms of sum-rate over the conventional JSDM schemes especially in a low and medium signal-to-noise ratio regime with comparable complexity.
- Massive MIMO systems
- two-stage beamforming
- weighted MMSE
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Applied Mathematics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering