Newly developed fungal diet for artificial rearing of the endangered long-horned beetle Callipogon relictus (Coleoptera

Cerambycidae)

Dae Am Yi, Alexander V. Kuprin, Yong Hoon Lee, Yeon Jae Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we attempted to develop an artificial diet to effectively rear the endangered long-horned beetle Callipogon relictus Semenov to facilitate restoration efforts for this species. Fungal mycelia of the white-rot fungus Pleurotus florida (Eager) were, for the first time, provided as an artificial diet for the larvae of C. relictus. The experiment started on August 11, 2015 with 53 larvae being provisioned with the fungal diet under laboratory conditions (25°C, 60 % RH, L:D 0:24) without diapause. During the first year, 11 adults (4 males and 7 females, 20.8 % of the 53 larvae) emerged between September 10 and October 1, 2016. The body length of the largest male was 106.8 mm, and three of the four males exceeded 100 mm in length. These results show that a fungal diet for rearing C. relictus is useful not only for reducing the larval period to approximately 1/6 of the normal larval period in nature, but also for producing large adults. These results support the notion that fungus may provide nutritional benefits during the larval development of C. relictus, and also indicate that this species is fungivorous.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEntomological Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

artificial rearing
Cerambycidae
artificial diets
Coleoptera
larvae
Pleurotus florida
diet
white-rot fungi
diapause
larval development
body length
mycelium
rearing
fungi

Keywords

  • Endangered insect restoration
  • Fungal mycelium diet
  • Insect rearing
  • Larval development
  • Relict long-horned beetle
  • White-rot fungus Pleurotus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

Newly developed fungal diet for artificial rearing of the endangered long-horned beetle Callipogon relictus (Coleoptera : Cerambycidae). / Yi, Dae Am; Kuprin, Alexander V.; Lee, Yong Hoon; Bae, Yeon Jae.

In: Entomological Research, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2f50c0bc40854a0b9967c1ef62495e7d,
title = "Newly developed fungal diet for artificial rearing of the endangered long-horned beetle Callipogon relictus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)",
abstract = "In this study, we attempted to develop an artificial diet to effectively rear the endangered long-horned beetle Callipogon relictus Semenov to facilitate restoration efforts for this species. Fungal mycelia of the white-rot fungus Pleurotus florida (Eager) were, for the first time, provided as an artificial diet for the larvae of C. relictus. The experiment started on August 11, 2015 with 53 larvae being provisioned with the fungal diet under laboratory conditions (25°C, 60 {\%} RH, L:D 0:24) without diapause. During the first year, 11 adults (4 males and 7 females, 20.8 {\%} of the 53 larvae) emerged between September 10 and October 1, 2016. The body length of the largest male was 106.8 mm, and three of the four males exceeded 100 mm in length. These results show that a fungal diet for rearing C. relictus is useful not only for reducing the larval period to approximately 1/6 of the normal larval period in nature, but also for producing large adults. These results support the notion that fungus may provide nutritional benefits during the larval development of C. relictus, and also indicate that this species is fungivorous.",
keywords = "Endangered insect restoration, Fungal mycelium diet, Insect rearing, Larval development, Relict long-horned beetle, White-rot fungus Pleurotus",
author = "Yi, {Dae Am} and Kuprin, {Alexander V.} and Lee, {Yong Hoon} and Bae, {Yeon Jae}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1111/1748-5967.12234",
language = "English",
journal = "Entomological Research",
issn = "1748-5967",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Newly developed fungal diet for artificial rearing of the endangered long-horned beetle Callipogon relictus (Coleoptera

T2 - Cerambycidae)

AU - Yi, Dae Am

AU - Kuprin, Alexander V.

AU - Lee, Yong Hoon

AU - Bae, Yeon Jae

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In this study, we attempted to develop an artificial diet to effectively rear the endangered long-horned beetle Callipogon relictus Semenov to facilitate restoration efforts for this species. Fungal mycelia of the white-rot fungus Pleurotus florida (Eager) were, for the first time, provided as an artificial diet for the larvae of C. relictus. The experiment started on August 11, 2015 with 53 larvae being provisioned with the fungal diet under laboratory conditions (25°C, 60 % RH, L:D 0:24) without diapause. During the first year, 11 adults (4 males and 7 females, 20.8 % of the 53 larvae) emerged between September 10 and October 1, 2016. The body length of the largest male was 106.8 mm, and three of the four males exceeded 100 mm in length. These results show that a fungal diet for rearing C. relictus is useful not only for reducing the larval period to approximately 1/6 of the normal larval period in nature, but also for producing large adults. These results support the notion that fungus may provide nutritional benefits during the larval development of C. relictus, and also indicate that this species is fungivorous.

AB - In this study, we attempted to develop an artificial diet to effectively rear the endangered long-horned beetle Callipogon relictus Semenov to facilitate restoration efforts for this species. Fungal mycelia of the white-rot fungus Pleurotus florida (Eager) were, for the first time, provided as an artificial diet for the larvae of C. relictus. The experiment started on August 11, 2015 with 53 larvae being provisioned with the fungal diet under laboratory conditions (25°C, 60 % RH, L:D 0:24) without diapause. During the first year, 11 adults (4 males and 7 females, 20.8 % of the 53 larvae) emerged between September 10 and October 1, 2016. The body length of the largest male was 106.8 mm, and three of the four males exceeded 100 mm in length. These results show that a fungal diet for rearing C. relictus is useful not only for reducing the larval period to approximately 1/6 of the normal larval period in nature, but also for producing large adults. These results support the notion that fungus may provide nutritional benefits during the larval development of C. relictus, and also indicate that this species is fungivorous.

KW - Endangered insect restoration

KW - Fungal mycelium diet

KW - Insect rearing

KW - Larval development

KW - Relict long-horned beetle

KW - White-rot fungus Pleurotus

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85021421607&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85021421607&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/1748-5967.12234

DO - 10.1111/1748-5967.12234

M3 - Article

JO - Entomological Research

JF - Entomological Research

SN - 1748-5967

ER -