Fibronectin (FN) plays a role in various biological processes such as fibrosis and tumor metastasis. In this study, we investigated the regulation of FN gene expression by NF-κB transcription factor. Transient expression of NF-κB p65 increased FN promoter activity in rat hepatocytes. Deletion analysis of FN promoter localized the NF-κB-responsive region at the position between -1214 and -1126. Mutations in a putative NF-κB element (5′-GAGAATTTCC-3′) at -1180 blocked most of the p65-induced promoter activity. Electromobility shift assays showed that the expression of p65 induced the binding of the p65/p65 homodimer to the NF-κB site at -1180. Stably p65-expressing cells showed increase of promoter activity, FN protein, and its mRNA levels over control cells. Furthermore, treatment of cells with interleukin-1β, a NF-κB-stimulating cytokine, also increased promoter activity, FN production, and mRNA levels. These results show that NF-κB activates FN gene expression by binding to the responsive element at -1180 as the p65/p65 homodimer in rat hepatocytes.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology