Ni-YSZ-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cells with GDC interlayer between YSZ electrolyte and LSCF cathode

Seung Young Park, Jee Hyun Ahn, Chang Woo Jeong, Chan Woong Na, Rak Hyun Song, Jong Heun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly sinterable gadolinia doped ceria (GDC) powders are prepared by carbonate coprecipitation and applied to the GDC interlayer in Ni-YSZ (yttria stabilized zirconia)-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cell in order to prevent the reaction between YSZ electrolyte and LSCF (La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ) cathode materials. The formation of highly resistive phase at the YSZ/LSCF interface was effectively blocked by the low-temperature densification of GDC interlayer using carbonate-derived active GDC powders and the suppression of Sr diffusion toward YSZ electrolyte via GDC interlayer by tuning the heat-treatment temperature for cathode fabrication. The power density of the cell with the configuration of Ni-YSZ/YSZ/GDC/LSCF-GDC/LSCF was as high as 906 mW cm-2, which was 2.0 times higher than that (455 mW cm-2) of the cell with the configuration of Ni-YSZ/YSZ/LSM(La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ)-YSZ/LSM at 750°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12894-12903
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 13

Fingerprint

Gadolinium
Cerium compounds
solid oxide fuel cells
gadolinium
yttria-stabilized zirconia
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
interlayers
Cathodes
cathodes
Electrolytes
electrolytes
Carbonates
Powders
carbonates
Yttria stabilized zirconia
Coprecipitation
Densification
Tuning
Heat treatment
densification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Ni-YSZ-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cells with GDC interlayer between YSZ electrolyte and LSCF cathode. / Park, Seung Young; Ahn, Jee Hyun; Jeong, Chang Woo; Na, Chan Woong; Song, Rak Hyun; Lee, Jong Heun.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 39, No. 24, 13.08.2014, p. 12894-12903.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, Seung Young ; Ahn, Jee Hyun ; Jeong, Chang Woo ; Na, Chan Woong ; Song, Rak Hyun ; Lee, Jong Heun. / Ni-YSZ-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cells with GDC interlayer between YSZ electrolyte and LSCF cathode. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 24. pp. 12894-12903.
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AU - Na, Chan Woong

AU - Song, Rak Hyun

AU - Lee, Jong Heun

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AB - Highly sinterable gadolinia doped ceria (GDC) powders are prepared by carbonate coprecipitation and applied to the GDC interlayer in Ni-YSZ (yttria stabilized zirconia)-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cell in order to prevent the reaction between YSZ electrolyte and LSCF (La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ) cathode materials. The formation of highly resistive phase at the YSZ/LSCF interface was effectively blocked by the low-temperature densification of GDC interlayer using carbonate-derived active GDC powders and the suppression of Sr diffusion toward YSZ electrolyte via GDC interlayer by tuning the heat-treatment temperature for cathode fabrication. The power density of the cell with the configuration of Ni-YSZ/YSZ/GDC/LSCF-GDC/LSCF was as high as 906 mW cm-2, which was 2.0 times higher than that (455 mW cm-2) of the cell with the configuration of Ni-YSZ/YSZ/LSM(La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ)-YSZ/LSM at 750°C.

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