NiO/NiWO4 Composite Yolk-Shell Spheres with Nanoscale NiO Outer Layer for Ultrasensitive and Selective Detection of Subppm-level p-Xylene

Tae Hyung Kim, Chang Hoon Kwak, Jong Heun Lee

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36 Citations (Scopus)


NiO/NiWO4 composite yolk-shell spheres with a nanoscale NiO outer layer were prepared using one-pot ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and their gas sensing characteristics were studied. The NiO/NiWO4 yolk-shell spheres exhibited an extremely high response to 5 ppm p-xylene (ratio of resistance to gas and air = 343.5) and negligible cross-responses to 5 ppm ethanol, ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and benzene, whereas pure NiO yolk-shell spheres showed very low responses and selectivity to all the analyte gases. The detection limit for p-xylene was as low as 22.7 ppb. This ultrasensitive and selective detection of p-xylene is attributed to a synergistic catalytic effect between NiO and NiWO4, high gas accessibility with large specific surface area, and increased chemiresistive variation due to the formation of a heterojunction. The NiO/NiWO4 yolk-shell spheres with a thin NiO outer layer can be used to detect subppm-level p-xylene in a highly sensitive and selective manner for monitoring indoor air pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32034-32043
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 20



  • gas sensor
  • heterostructure
  • mesopore
  • NiO/NiWO
  • p-xylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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