Nitrogen doping effects on the structure behavior and the field emission performance of double-walled carbon nanotubes

Kyoung Yong Chun, Heon Sang Lee, Cheol Jin Lee

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Abstract

The nitrogen (N) doping effect and field emission properties of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) were investigated. Diameter transformation and defect generation in the N-doped DWCNTs mainly depend on the amount of nitrogen employed. By applying N-doping into DWCNTs (1.5 N at.%), the average diameters of the DWCNTs were increased from 1.7 to 2.4 nm, and the crystallinity (IG/ID) was decreased from 13.5 to 5. Field emission properties were enhanced by the N doping into DWCNTs. The turn-on field, corresponding to a current density of 0.1 μA/cm2, was about 0.9 V/μm for the N-doped DWCNTs (1.5 N at.%). The field enhancement factor of the N-doped DWCNTs was higher than that of the undoped DWCNTs. It was found that the field emission properties were controlled by pyridine-like N in the graphite due to N-doping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-177
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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