Nitrogen fixation, soil nitrogen availability, and biomass in pure and mixed plantations of alder and pine in central Korea

Yowhan Son, Yoon Young Lee, Chon Young Lee, Myong Jong Yi

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Abstract

Rates of nitrogen (N) fixation, soil N availability, and aboveground biomass were measured in 27-year-old pure and mixed Alnus hirsuta and Pinus koraiensis plantations in central Korea. Nodule biomass and N fixation were 179.3 kg ha- 1 and 46.6 kg ha- 1yr- 1 for the pure A. hirsuta plantation (PA) and 95.2 kg ha- 1 and 41.1 kg ha- 1yr- 1 for the mixed A. hirsuta + P. koraiensis plantation (MAP), respectively. A. hirsuta seemed to provide more than two thirds of annual N requirement for P. koraiensis.Rates of acetylene reduction were significantly related to soil temperature (R2 = 0.51, P < 0.001), but not to soil moisture content. Total inorganic N [ammonium (NH4+)plus nitrate (NO3-)] availability measured using ion exchange bags were significantly higher under PA (27.91 μ g-N bag- 1) and MAP (31.34 μ g-N bag- 1) than under the pure P. koraiensis plantation (PP) (14.31 μ g-N bag- 1). Especially soils under the influence of A. hirsuta showed at least 2 fold increase in resin total inorganic N concentrations. Total aboveground biomass (Mg ha- 1) was 147.3 for PA, 145.8 for MAP, and 174.8 for PP, respectively, and was not significantly different among plantations. A. hirsuta significantly increased soil N availability; however, the influence of N fixation on aboveground biomass was not significant for the study plantations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1841-1853
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Plant Nutrition
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 1

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Keywords

  • A. hirsuta
  • Aboveground biomass
  • Nitrogen availability
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • P. koraiensis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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