This letter presents a study on N-polar GaN growth evolution on sapphire using a low-temperature GaN buffer, which is distinctly different from the two-step growth of Ga-polar GaN according to both in situ reflectance and ex situ microscopy. Annealed N-polar GaN buffer exhibits densely packed tiny grains, serving as a template for the subsequent high-temperature GaN growth, which starts in a quasi-two-dimensional mode without any roughening-recovery process. Atomically smooth N-polar GaN has been achieved with no stacking fault or inversion domain observed. The mosaic microstructure, electrical, and optical properties of N-polar GaN are compared with those of Ga-polar GaN.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)