NonO binds to the CpG island of oct4 promoter and functions as a transcriptional activator of oct4 gene expression

Yoojin Park, Ja Myong Lee, Min Young Hwang, Gi Hoon Son, Dongho Geum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the relationship between oct4 gene expression patterns and CpG sites methylation profiles during ES cell differentiation into neurons, and identified relevant binding factor. The oct4 gene expression level gradually declined as ES cell differentiation progressed, and the CpG sites in the oct4 proximal enhancer (PE) and promoter regions were methylated in concert with ES cell differentiation. An electro-mobility shift assay (EMSA) showed that putative proteins bind to CpG sites in the oct4 PE/promoter. We purified CpG binding proteins with DNAbinding purification method, and NonO was identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. EMSA with specific competitors revealed that NonO specifically binds to the conserved CCGGTGAC sequence in the oct4 promoter. Methylation at a specific cytosine residue (CCGGTGAC) reduced the binding affinity of NonO for the recognition sequence. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis confirmed that NonO binds to the unmethylated oct4 promoter. There were no changes in the NonO mRNA and protein levels between ES cells and differentiated cells. The transcriptional role of NonO in oct4 gene expression was evaluated by luciferase assays and knockdown experiments. The luciferase activity significantly increased threefold when the NonO expression vector was cotransfected with the NonO recognition sequence, indicating that NonO has a transcription activator effect on oct4 gene expression. In accordance with this effect, when NonO expression was inhibited by siRNA treatment, oct4 expression was also significantly reduced. In summary, we purified NonO, a novel protein that binds to the CpG island of oct4 promoter, and positively regulates oct4 gene expression in ES cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalMolecules and cells
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • CpG sites
  • ES cells
  • NonO
  • Oct4
  • methylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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