Herein, we demonstrate a simple and versatile way for preparing stable Ti3C2Tx MXene dispersions in nonpolar organic solvents through a simultaneous interfacial chemical grafting reaction and phase transfer method. Alkylphosphonic acid ligands were chemically grafted on the hydroxyl terminal groups of Ti3C2Tx flakes at the liquid-liquid interface between water and water-immiscible organic medium to form a covalent Ti-O-P bond via interfacial nucleophilic addition and sequential condensation reaction at room temperature; the surface-functionalized Ti3C2Tx flakes concurrently migrated from the aqueous phase to the organic phase. Unlike conventional surface chemical modification methods that require many complex and tedious steps, this is a simple and easy process for fabricating a Ti3C2Tx organic dispersion in various organic solvents, from highly polar to nonpolar. The nonpolar Ti3C2Tx dispersion in chloroform also exhibits strong oxidation resistance and stable long-term storage. This approach provides an opportunity for preparing MXene nanocomposites with nonpolar polymeric matrices that are soluble in organic media for future applications such as stretchable electrode.
- interfacial condensation reaction
- nonpolar organic dispersion
- phase transfer
- two-dimensional nanomaterials
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)