Nontuberculous mycobacterial infection in a clinical presentation of Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome: A case report with multigene diagnostic approach

Hang Yong Jang, Peter D. Burbelo, Yang Seok Chae, Tak Kim, Yunjung Cho, Hyun-Tae Park

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Background: Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome (FHCS) is caused by inflammation of perihepatic capsules associated with pelvic inflammatory disease. In recent years, infections with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have been increasingly occurring in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. However, NTM has never been reported in patients with FHCS. We present the first case of a patient with extrapulmonary NTM infection in a clinical presentation of FHCS. Case presentation: A 26-year-old Korean woman presented with right upper quadrant and suprapubic pain. She was initially suspected to have FHCS. However, she was refractory to conventional antibiotic therapy. Laparoscopy revealed multiple violin-string adhesions of the parietal peritoneum to the liver and miliary-like nodules on the peritoneal surfaces. Diagnosis of NTM was confirmed by the polymerase chain reaction analysis results of biopsy specimens that showed caseating granulomas with positive acid-fast bacilli. Treatment with anti-NTM medications was initiated, and the patient's symptoms were considerably ameliorated. Conclusions: An awareness of NTM as potential pathogens, even in previously healthy adults, and efforts to exclude other confounding diseases are important to establish the diagnosis of NTM disease. NTM infection can cause various clinical manifestations, which in the present case, overlapped with the symptoms of perihepatic inflammation seen in FHCS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number95
JournalBMC Women's Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 12



  • Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome
  • Laparoscopy
  • Nontuberculous mycobacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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