The Janus kinase (JAK) and signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signal cascades are major pathways that mediate the inflammatory functions of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), an important pro-inflammatory cytokine. Therefore, regulation of JAK/STAT signaling should modulate IFN-γ-mediated inflammation. In this study, we found that nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), a well-known lipoxygenase (LO) inhibitor, suppressed IFN-γ-induced inflammatory responses in brain astrocytes. In the presence of NDGA, interferon regulatory factor-1 expression was significantly reduced. Expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and interferon-gamma inducible protein-10 mRNA in response to IFN-γ was significantly suppressed in the presence of NDGA, as was tyrosine- phosphorylation of JAK and STAT. However, the 5-LO products, leukotriene B 4 (LTB4) and leukotriene C4, were not detected in cells treated with IFN-γ, indicating that the effect of NDGA seemed to be independent of 5-LO inhibition. In addition, two other 5-LO inhibitors (Rev5901 and AA861) did not mimic the effect of NDGA, and the 5-LO metabolites, 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and LTB4, were unable to reverse NDGA-driven suppression of STAT activation or affect basal STAT phosphorylation. Taken together, these results suggest that NDGA regulates IFN-γ-mediated inflammation through mechanisms unrelated to the inhibition of 5-LO.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Mar 11|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology