Normal echocardiographic measurements in a Korean population study: Part I. cardiac chamber and great artery evaluation

Jin Oh Choi, Mi Seung Shin, Mi Jeong Kim, Hae Ok Jung, Jeong Rang Park, Il Suk Sohn, Hyungseop Kim, Seong Mi Park, Nam Jin Yoo, Jung Hyun Choi, Hyung Kwan Kim, Goo Yeong Cho, Mi Rae Lee, Jin Sun Park, Chi Young Shim, Dae Hee Kim, Dae Hee Shin, Gil Ja Shin, Sung Hee Shin, Kye Hun KimJae Hyeong Park, Sang Yeub Lee, Woo Shik Kim, Seung Woo Park

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: Measurement of the cardiac chamber is essential, and current guidelines recommend measuring and reporting values for both sides of the cardiac chamber during echocardiographic evaluation. Normal echocardiographic reference values have been suggested previously, but detailed information about right-sided chambers and values according to gender was not included. Methods: This is a prospective multicenter (23 centers) study evaluating normal Korean adult subjects using comprehensive echocardiography. We included normal adult subjects (age; 20–79 years old) who had no significant cardiac disorders or illnesses, such as hypertension or diabetes, which could affect cardiac structure and function. We measured the cardiac chamber including both right and left ventricles as well as atria according to current echocardiography guidelines and compared values according to gender and age groups. Results: A total of 1003 subjects were evaluated and the mean age was 48 ± 16 years. Left ventricular (LV) dimensions increased, but LV volume decreased in older subjects. Right ventricular (RV) area decreased in women and older subjects, and the RV long-axis dimension showed a similar trend. Left atrial (LA) volume increased in men but there were no differences in LA volume index between men and women. The dimension of great arteries increased in men and older subjects. Conclusion: Since there were considerable differences between men and women and in the different age groups, and the trends differed significantly between different echo variables, normal echocardiographic cutoff values should be differentially applied based on age and gender.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)158-172
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1


    • Echocardiography
    • Normal population
    • Reference value

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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