Novel magnetic Fe@NSC nanohybrid material for arsenic removal from aqueous media

Pandi Kalimuthu, Youjin Kim, Muthu Prabhu Subbaiah, Byong Hun Jeon, Jinho Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymer-derived carbon nanohybrids present a remarkable potential for the elimination of water pollutants. Herein, an Fe-modified C, N, and S (Fe@NSC) nanohybrid network, synthesized via polymerization of aniline followed by calcination, is used for As removal from aquatic media. The Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic models fit well the experimental data for the adsorptive removal of As(III) and As(V) by the as-synthesized Fe@NSC nanohybrid, indicating that adsorption is a monolayer chemisorption process. The maximum adsorption capacities of the fabricated Fe@NSC nanohybrid for As(III) and As(V) were 129.54 and 178.65 mg/g, respectively, which are considerably higher than those reported previously for other adsorbents. In particular, the Fe3O4/FeS nanoparticles (18.4–38.7 nm) of the prepared Fe@NSC nanohybrid play a critical role in As adsorption and oxidation. Spectroscopy data indicate that the adsorption of As on Fe@NSC nanohybrid involved oxidation, ligand exchange, surface complexation, and electrostatic attraction. Furthermore, the magnetic Fe@NSC nanohybrid was easily separated after As adsorption using an external magnet and did not induce acute toxicity (48 h) in Daphnia magna. Moreover, the Fe@NSC nanohybrid selectively removed As species in the presence of competing anions and was effectively regenerated for up to three cycles using a 0.1 M HNO3 solution. These findings suggest that Fe@NSC nanohybrid is a promising adsorbent for As remediation in aquatic media.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136450
JournalChemosphere
Volume308
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Arsenic
  • Magnetic nanohybrid
  • Polyaniline-derived carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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