Novel regulatory interactions and activities of mammalian tRNA synthetases

Young-Gyu Ko, Heonyong Park, Sunghoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) catalyze the attachment of specific amino acids to their cognate tRNAs, thereby ensuring the faithful translation of genetic code. In addition to their enzymatic function, these enzymes have been discovered to regulate various cellular functions such as tRNA export, ribosomal RNA synthesis, apoptosis, inflammation and angiogenesis in mammalian. The insights into the noncanonical activities of these enzymes have been obtained from their unique cellular localization, interacting partners, isoform generation and expression control. Mammalian ARSs also form a macromolecular protein complex with a few auxiliary factors. Although the physiological significance of this complex is poorly understood, it also supports the potential of mammalian ARSs as sophisticated multifunctional proteins for regulating various cellular procedures. In this review, the novel regulatory activities of mammalian ARSs will be discussed in different biological processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1304-1310
Number of pages7
JournalProteomics
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase
  • Cellular localization
  • Noncanonical activities
  • Protein-protein interactions
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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