Novel strategy of lactide polymerization leading to stereocomplex polylactide nanoparticles using supercritical fluid technology

Gulnaz Bibi, Youngmee Jung, Jong Choo Lim, Soo Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The enantiomeric crystallization of polylactides has removed the limitations of innate poor thermal and mechanical properties of the homopolymers. The supercritical fluid technology is an emerging panoramic version of biomedical polymer synthesis and has proven to be a domineering substitute to toxic organic solvents. Herein, we report an intriguing, efficient and a novel polymerization process using supercritical dimethyl ether (sc-DME) for preparation of polylactides leading to the stereocomplex polylactide (s-PLA) nanoparticles. The process has generated high molecular weight homopolymers (Mn ≥ 200 000 g mol-1) starting from monomers which ultimately crystallized to a dry powder of s-PLA nanoparticles. The optimum processing parameters are d/l-lactide polymerization using sc-DME at 130 °C, 400 bar for 5 h with a 30% monomer concentration, keeping the ratio [monomer]:[tin(II)2-ethylhexanoate]:[1-dodecanol] as 3000:1:1 while the stereocomplexation as sc-DME at 70 °C, 350 bar for 2 h. We have investigated the effects of monomer concentration, molecular weights of homopolymers, times, temperatures, and pressures on the degree of stereocomplexation. The degree of s-PLA was analyzed by DSC and XRD. The s-PLA has improved melting point and thermal degradation than homopolymers. The Young's modulus of s-PLA increased to 1.4 GPa with tensile strength (∼43 MPa) higher than homopolymers (∼13 MPa) with 3.2% elongation at break. The dry s-PLA powder shows a diversity of particle size ranging from 30 to 600 nm analyzed by SEM. The s-PLA finds potential applications in polymer nanofabrication, biomedical stents and encapsulation, melt-blending, solution casting, and molding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4521-4528
Number of pages8
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume4
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 6

Fingerprint

Supercritical fluids
Homopolymerization
polymerization
ether
Polymerization
Nanoparticles
Monomers
fluid
polymer
Ethers
encapsulation
Young modulus
tin
tensile strength
Molecular weight
mechanical property
crystallization
Powders
melting
scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Biocompatible
  • Dimethyl ether
  • High molecular weight polylactides
  • Nanoparticle
  • Stereocomplexed polylactide
  • Supercritical fluid technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Novel strategy of lactide polymerization leading to stereocomplex polylactide nanoparticles using supercritical fluid technology. / Bibi, Gulnaz; Jung, Youngmee; Lim, Jong Choo; Kim, Soo Hyun.

In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 9, 06.09.2016, p. 4521-4528.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The enantiomeric crystallization of polylactides has removed the limitations of innate poor thermal and mechanical properties of the homopolymers. The supercritical fluid technology is an emerging panoramic version of biomedical polymer synthesis and has proven to be a domineering substitute to toxic organic solvents. Herein, we report an intriguing, efficient and a novel polymerization process using supercritical dimethyl ether (sc-DME) for preparation of polylactides leading to the stereocomplex polylactide (s-PLA) nanoparticles. The process has generated high molecular weight homopolymers (Mn ≥ 200 000 g mol-1) starting from monomers which ultimately crystallized to a dry powder of s-PLA nanoparticles. The optimum processing parameters are d/l-lactide polymerization using sc-DME at 130 °C, 400 bar for 5 h with a 30{\%} monomer concentration, keeping the ratio [monomer]:[tin(II)2-ethylhexanoate]:[1-dodecanol] as 3000:1:1 while the stereocomplexation as sc-DME at 70 °C, 350 bar for 2 h. We have investigated the effects of monomer concentration, molecular weights of homopolymers, times, temperatures, and pressures on the degree of stereocomplexation. The degree of s-PLA was analyzed by DSC and XRD. The s-PLA has improved melting point and thermal degradation than homopolymers. The Young's modulus of s-PLA increased to 1.4 GPa with tensile strength (∼43 MPa) higher than homopolymers (∼13 MPa) with 3.2{\%} elongation at break. The dry s-PLA powder shows a diversity of particle size ranging from 30 to 600 nm analyzed by SEM. The s-PLA finds potential applications in polymer nanofabrication, biomedical stents and encapsulation, melt-blending, solution casting, and molding.",
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