Novel synthetic strategy for a nanostructured metal hydroxysulfide-C and its initial electrochemical investigation as a new anode material for potassium-ion batteries

Ju Hyeong Kim, Gi Dae Park, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Efforts have been made to develop highly promising electrode materials for K-ion batteries (KIBs) by exploring new compositions, stable nanostructures, and combinations of various carbonaceous materials to overcome the slow reaction dynamics of K-ion. Recently, multiple anionic anode materials, such as metal hydroxychlorides, metal hydroxycarbonates, and metal hydroxysulfides, which contain metal−OH bonds, have caught attention as anode materials for Li- and Na-ions batteries owing to their ability to enhance the overall electrochemical kinetics by forming intrinsic electric fields at nanoscale heterointerfaces. Herein, a new synthetic strategy for metal hydroxysulfide@C yolk-shell nanosphere was introduced, and the electrochemical reaction mechanism between the metal hydroxysulfide and K-ion was initially investigated by rational structural and electrochemical analyses. This work synthesized yolk-shell nanospheres having a configuration of metal hydroxide@void@metal hydroxide-C by water-vapor-assisted heat treatment without requiring a strong alkali solution. Cobalt hydroxide@C nanospheres were finally transformed into cobalt hydroxysulfide@C yolk-shell nanospheres through a room-temperature sulfidation process. The metal hydroxysulfide transformed into a heterostructured nanocomposite consisted of metal hydroxide and metal sulfide following the initial cycle. The rationally nanostructured cobalt hydroxysulfide@C electrode exhibited high-rate capability (138.0 mA h g−1 at 5.0 A g−1) and long-term cycling stability (158.4 mA g−1 at 1.0 A g−1 following 300 cycles) in KIBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6323-6336
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr

Keywords

  • heterostructure
  • metal hydroxide
  • metal hydroxysulfide
  • nanostructure
  • potassium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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