Object-independent grasping in heavy clutter

Hyun Jun Jo, Jae Bok Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

When grasping objects in a cluttered environment, a key challenge is to find appropriate poses to grasp effectively. Accordingly, several grasping algorithms based on artificial neural networks have been developed recently. However, these methods require large amounts of data for learning and high computational costs. Therefore, we propose a depth difference image-based bin-picking (DBP) algorithm that does not use a neural network. DBP predicts the grasp pose from the object and its surroundings, which are obtained through depth filtering and clustering. The object region is estimated by the density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) algorithm, and a depth difference image (DDI) that represents the depth difference between adjacent areas is defined. To validate the performance of the DBP scheme, bin-picking experiments were conducted on 45 different objects, along with bin-picking experiments in heavy clutters. DBP exhibited success rates of 78.6% and 83.3%, respectively. In addition, DBP required a computational time of approximately 1.4 s for each attempt.

Original languageEnglish
Article number804
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Grasping
  • Machine learning
  • Manipulation
  • Robotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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