Background: In the evaluation of the severity of skin inflammations, visual scoring system is widely being used as a subjective method. However, it is well known that interobserver variations occur even between the interpretations of experienced dermatologists. Objective: To develop a new objective and quantitative method for the evaluation of skin surface contours and for the assessment of severity in SLS-induced edema, a new investigatory tool based on the concept of "stereoimaging" was studied. Differences between binocular images were used by a stereoimage optical topometer (SOT) system capable of calculating skin surface topographic information, which was then used to produce a three-dimensional image. Methods: We compared the results obtained by SOT with a visual scoring system after applying sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) to skin. The degree of edema was assessed qualitatively by visual scoring (0: none, 1: mild edema, 2: moderate edema, 3: severe edema). To quantify the severity, five three-dimensional parameters (S a, S z, SL, SA and SV) were used in the SOT analysis. Results: The means of these five parameters increased significantly in visual grade 1+ compared to visual grade 0 and the means of the five parameters decreased significantly and proportionally as the visual grades increased from 1+ to 3+. A highly significant correlation was found to exist between the visual scoring results and the five SOT parameters. Conclusion: SOT can be used to evaluate the severity of SLS-induced edema objectively and can be extensively applied to evaluate the degree of severity in other inflammatory skin conditions.
- Conventional optical profilometer (COP)
- Objective interpretation
- Sodium lauryl sulfate
- Stereoimage optical topometer (SOT)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology