Observation-based estimates of the mass absorption cross-section of black and brown carbon and their contribution to aerosol light absorption in East Asia

Chaeyoon Cho, Sang Woo Kim, Meehye Lee, Saehee Lim, Wenzheng Fang, Örjan Gustafsson, August Andersson, Rokjin J. Park, Patrick J. Sheridan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, we estimated the contribution of black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) to aerosol light absorption from surface in-situ and aerosol robotic network (AERONET) columnar observations. The mass absorption cross-section (MAC) of BC (MAC BC ) was estimated to be 6.4 ± 1.5 m 2 g −1 at 565 nm from in-situ aerosol measurements at Gosan Climate Observatory (GCO), Korea, in January 2014, which was lower than those observed in polluted urban areas. A BrC MAC of 0.62 ± 0.06 m 2 g −1 (565 nm) in our estimate is approximately ten times lower than MAC BC at 565 nm. The contribution of BC and BrC to the carbonaceous aerosol absorption coefficient at 565 nm from the in-situ measurements was estimated at 88.1 ± 7.4% and 11.9 ± 7.4%, respectively at GCO. Similarly, the contribution of BC and BrC to the absorption aerosol optical depth (AAOD) for carbonaceous aerosol (CA), constrained by AERONET observations at 14 sites over East Asia by using different spectral dependences of the absorption (i.e., absorption Ångström exponent) of BC and BrC, was 84.9 ± 2.8% and 15.1 ± 2.8% at 565 nm, respectively. The contribution of BC to CA AAOD was greater in urban sites than in the background areas, whereas the contribution of BrC to CA AAOD was higher in background sites. The overall contribution of BC to CA AAOD decreased by 73%–87% at 365 nm, and increased to 93%–97% at 860 nm. The contribution of BrC to CA AAOD decreased significantly with increasing wavelength from approximately 17% at 365 nm to 4% at 860 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume212
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 1

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black carbon
cross section
aerosol
optical depth
brown carbon
Asia
observatory
urban site
absorption coefficient
climate
in situ measurement
urban area

Keywords

  • Absorption aerosol optical depth
  • Aerosol light absorption
  • Aerosol optical depth
  • Black carbon
  • Brown carbon
  • Mass absorption cross-section

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Observation-based estimates of the mass absorption cross-section of black and brown carbon and their contribution to aerosol light absorption in East Asia. / Cho, Chaeyoon; Kim, Sang Woo; Lee, Meehye; Lim, Saehee; Fang, Wenzheng; Gustafsson, Örjan; Andersson, August; Park, Rokjin J.; Sheridan, Patrick J.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 212, 01.09.2019, p. 65-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cho, Chaeyoon ; Kim, Sang Woo ; Lee, Meehye ; Lim, Saehee ; Fang, Wenzheng ; Gustafsson, Örjan ; Andersson, August ; Park, Rokjin J. ; Sheridan, Patrick J. / Observation-based estimates of the mass absorption cross-section of black and brown carbon and their contribution to aerosol light absorption in East Asia. In: Atmospheric Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 212. pp. 65-74.
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abstract = "In this study, we estimated the contribution of black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) to aerosol light absorption from surface in-situ and aerosol robotic network (AERONET) columnar observations. The mass absorption cross-section (MAC) of BC (MAC BC ) was estimated to be 6.4 ± 1.5 m 2 g −1 at 565 nm from in-situ aerosol measurements at Gosan Climate Observatory (GCO), Korea, in January 2014, which was lower than those observed in polluted urban areas. A BrC MAC of 0.62 ± 0.06 m 2 g −1 (565 nm) in our estimate is approximately ten times lower than MAC BC at 565 nm. The contribution of BC and BrC to the carbonaceous aerosol absorption coefficient at 565 nm from the in-situ measurements was estimated at 88.1 ± 7.4{\%} and 11.9 ± 7.4{\%}, respectively at GCO. Similarly, the contribution of BC and BrC to the absorption aerosol optical depth (AAOD) for carbonaceous aerosol (CA), constrained by AERONET observations at 14 sites over East Asia by using different spectral dependences of the absorption (i.e., absorption {\AA}ngstr{\"o}m exponent) of BC and BrC, was 84.9 ± 2.8{\%} and 15.1 ± 2.8{\%} at 565 nm, respectively. The contribution of BC to CA AAOD was greater in urban sites than in the background areas, whereas the contribution of BrC to CA AAOD was higher in background sites. The overall contribution of BC to CA AAOD decreased by 73{\%}–87{\%} at 365 nm, and increased to 93{\%}–97{\%} at 860 nm. The contribution of BrC to CA AAOD decreased significantly with increasing wavelength from approximately 17{\%} at 365 nm to 4{\%} at 860 nm.",
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AU - Cho, Chaeyoon

AU - Kim, Sang Woo

AU - Lee, Meehye

AU - Lim, Saehee

AU - Fang, Wenzheng

AU - Gustafsson, Örjan

AU - Andersson, August

AU - Park, Rokjin J.

AU - Sheridan, Patrick J.

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AB - In this study, we estimated the contribution of black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) to aerosol light absorption from surface in-situ and aerosol robotic network (AERONET) columnar observations. The mass absorption cross-section (MAC) of BC (MAC BC ) was estimated to be 6.4 ± 1.5 m 2 g −1 at 565 nm from in-situ aerosol measurements at Gosan Climate Observatory (GCO), Korea, in January 2014, which was lower than those observed in polluted urban areas. A BrC MAC of 0.62 ± 0.06 m 2 g −1 (565 nm) in our estimate is approximately ten times lower than MAC BC at 565 nm. The contribution of BC and BrC to the carbonaceous aerosol absorption coefficient at 565 nm from the in-situ measurements was estimated at 88.1 ± 7.4% and 11.9 ± 7.4%, respectively at GCO. Similarly, the contribution of BC and BrC to the absorption aerosol optical depth (AAOD) for carbonaceous aerosol (CA), constrained by AERONET observations at 14 sites over East Asia by using different spectral dependences of the absorption (i.e., absorption Ångström exponent) of BC and BrC, was 84.9 ± 2.8% and 15.1 ± 2.8% at 565 nm, respectively. The contribution of BC to CA AAOD was greater in urban sites than in the background areas, whereas the contribution of BrC to CA AAOD was higher in background sites. The overall contribution of BC to CA AAOD decreased by 73%–87% at 365 nm, and increased to 93%–97% at 860 nm. The contribution of BrC to CA AAOD decreased significantly with increasing wavelength from approximately 17% at 365 nm to 4% at 860 nm.

KW - Absorption aerosol optical depth

KW - Aerosol light absorption

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KW - Black carbon

KW - Brown carbon

KW - Mass absorption cross-section

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