Observation of Electroweak Production of Same-Sign W Boson Pairs in the Two Jet and Two Same-Sign Lepton Final State in Proton-Proton Collisions at s =13 TeV

CMS Collaboration

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Abstract

The first observation of electroweak production of same-sign W boson pairs in proton-proton collisions is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb-1 collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. Events are selected by requiring exactly two leptons (electrons or muons) of the same charge, moderate missing transverse momentum, and two jets with a large rapidity separation and a large dijet mass. The observed significance of the signal is 5.5 standard deviations, where a significance of 5.7 standard deviations is expected based on the standard model. The ratio of measured event yields to that expected from the standard model at leading order is 0.90±0.22. A cross section measurement in a fiducial region is reported. Bounds are given on the structure of quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of dimension-8 effective field theory operators and on the production of doubly charged Higgs bosons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number081801
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume120
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 22

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leptons
standard deviation
bosons
collisions
protons
Higgs bosons
transverse momentum
center of mass
muons
luminosity
operators
detectors
cross sections
electrons
interactions
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

@article{2fcc8d9fd27b4c51a651a02e82f6d710,
title = "Observation of Electroweak Production of Same-Sign W Boson Pairs in the Two Jet and Two Same-Sign Lepton Final State in Proton-Proton Collisions at s =13 TeV",
abstract = "The first observation of electroweak production of same-sign W boson pairs in proton-proton collisions is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb-1 collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. Events are selected by requiring exactly two leptons (electrons or muons) of the same charge, moderate missing transverse momentum, and two jets with a large rapidity separation and a large dijet mass. The observed significance of the signal is 5.5 standard deviations, where a significance of 5.7 standard deviations is expected based on the standard model. The ratio of measured event yields to that expected from the standard model at leading order is 0.90±0.22. A cross section measurement in a fiducial region is reported. Bounds are given on the structure of quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of dimension-8 effective field theory operators and on the production of doubly charged Higgs bosons.",
author = "{CMS Collaboration} and Sirunyan, {A. M.} and A. Tumasyan and W. Adam and F. Ambrogi and E. Asilar and T. Bergauer and J. Brandstetter and E. Brondolin and M. Dragicevic and J. Er{\"o} and M. Flechl and M. Friedl and R. Fr{\"u}hwirth and Ghete, {V. M.} and J. Grossmann and J. Hrubec and M. Jeitler and A. K{\"o}nig and N. Krammer and I. Kr{\"a}tschmer and D. Liko and T. Madlener and I. Mikulec and E. Pree and N. Rad and H. Rohringer and J. Schieck and R. Sch{\"o}fbeck and M. Spanring and D. Spitzbart and W. Waltenberger and J. Wittmann and Wulz, {C. E.} and M. Zarucki and V. Chekhovsky and V. Mossolov and {Suarez Gonzalez}, J. and {De Wolf}, {E. A.} and {Di Croce}, D. and X. Janssen and J. Lauwers and {Van De Klundert}, M. and {Van Haevermaet}, H. and {Van Mechelen}, P. and {Van Remortel}, N. and {Abu Zeid}, S. and F. Blekman and J. D'Hondt and Suyong Choi and Park, {Sung Keun}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.081801",
language = "English",
volume = "120",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "8",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Observation of Electroweak Production of Same-Sign W Boson Pairs in the Two Jet and Two Same-Sign Lepton Final State in Proton-Proton Collisions at s =13 TeV

AU - CMS Collaboration

AU - Sirunyan, A. M.

AU - Tumasyan, A.

AU - Adam, W.

AU - Ambrogi, F.

AU - Asilar, E.

AU - Bergauer, T.

AU - Brandstetter, J.

AU - Brondolin, E.

AU - Dragicevic, M.

AU - Erö, J.

AU - Flechl, M.

AU - Friedl, M.

AU - Frühwirth, R.

AU - Ghete, V. M.

AU - Grossmann, J.

AU - Hrubec, J.

AU - Jeitler, M.

AU - König, A.

AU - Krammer, N.

AU - Krätschmer, I.

AU - Liko, D.

AU - Madlener, T.

AU - Mikulec, I.

AU - Pree, E.

AU - Rad, N.

AU - Rohringer, H.

AU - Schieck, J.

AU - Schöfbeck, R.

AU - Spanring, M.

AU - Spitzbart, D.

AU - Waltenberger, W.

AU - Wittmann, J.

AU - Wulz, C. E.

AU - Zarucki, M.

AU - Chekhovsky, V.

AU - Mossolov, V.

AU - Suarez Gonzalez, J.

AU - De Wolf, E. A.

AU - Di Croce, D.

AU - Janssen, X.

AU - Lauwers, J.

AU - Van De Klundert, M.

AU - Van Haevermaet, H.

AU - Van Mechelen, P.

AU - Van Remortel, N.

AU - Abu Zeid, S.

AU - Blekman, F.

AU - D'Hondt, J.

AU - Choi, Suyong

AU - Park, Sung Keun

PY - 2018/2/22

Y1 - 2018/2/22

N2 - The first observation of electroweak production of same-sign W boson pairs in proton-proton collisions is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb-1 collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. Events are selected by requiring exactly two leptons (electrons or muons) of the same charge, moderate missing transverse momentum, and two jets with a large rapidity separation and a large dijet mass. The observed significance of the signal is 5.5 standard deviations, where a significance of 5.7 standard deviations is expected based on the standard model. The ratio of measured event yields to that expected from the standard model at leading order is 0.90±0.22. A cross section measurement in a fiducial region is reported. Bounds are given on the structure of quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of dimension-8 effective field theory operators and on the production of doubly charged Higgs bosons.

AB - The first observation of electroweak production of same-sign W boson pairs in proton-proton collisions is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb-1 collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. Events are selected by requiring exactly two leptons (electrons or muons) of the same charge, moderate missing transverse momentum, and two jets with a large rapidity separation and a large dijet mass. The observed significance of the signal is 5.5 standard deviations, where a significance of 5.7 standard deviations is expected based on the standard model. The ratio of measured event yields to that expected from the standard model at leading order is 0.90±0.22. A cross section measurement in a fiducial region is reported. Bounds are given on the structure of quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of dimension-8 effective field theory operators and on the production of doubly charged Higgs bosons.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.081801

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.081801

M3 - Article

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