Observation of proton-tagged, central (semi)exclusive production of high-mass lepton pairs in pp collisions at 13 TeV with the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer

The CMS Collaboration, The TOTEM collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The process pp → pℓ+p(*), with ℓ+ a muon or an electron pair produced at midrapidity with mass larger than 110 GeV, has been observed for the first time at the LHC in pp collisions at s=13 TeV. One of the two scattered protons is measured in the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer (CT-PPS), which operated for the first time in 2016. The second proton either remains intact or is excited and then dissociates into a low-mass state p*, which is undetected. The measurement is based on an integrated luminosity of 9.4 fb−1 collected during standard, high-luminosity LHC operation. A total of 12 μ+μ and 8 e+e pairs with m(ℓ+) > 110 GeV, and matching forward proton kinematics, are observed, with expected backgrounds of 1.49 ± 0.07 (stat) ± 0.53 (syst) and 2.36 ± 0.09 (stat) ± 0.47 (syst), respectively. This corresponds to an excess of more than five standard deviations over the expected background. The present result constitutes the first observation of proton-tagged γγ collisions at the electroweak scale. This measurement also demonstrates that CT-PPS performs according to the design specifications.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number153
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2018
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1

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leptons
spectrometers
collisions
protons
luminosity
specifications
muons
standard deviation
kinematics
electrons

Keywords

  • Forward physics
  • Hadron-Hadron scattering (experiments)
  • Photon production
  • proton-proton scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Observation of proton-tagged, central (semi)exclusive production of high-mass lepton pairs in pp collisions at 13 TeV with the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer. / The CMS Collaboration; The TOTEM collaboration.

In: Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, No. 7, 153, 01.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Observation of proton-tagged, central (semi)exclusive production of high-mass lepton pairs in pp collisions at 13 TeV with the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer",
abstract = "The process pp → pℓ+ℓ−p(*), with ℓ+ℓ− a muon or an electron pair produced at midrapidity with mass larger than 110 GeV, has been observed for the first time at the LHC in pp collisions at s=13 TeV. One of the two scattered protons is measured in the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer (CT-PPS), which operated for the first time in 2016. The second proton either remains intact or is excited and then dissociates into a low-mass state p*, which is undetected. The measurement is based on an integrated luminosity of 9.4 fb−1 collected during standard, high-luminosity LHC operation. A total of 12 μ+μ− and 8 e+e− pairs with m(ℓ+ℓ−) > 110 GeV, and matching forward proton kinematics, are observed, with expected backgrounds of 1.49 ± 0.07 (stat) ± 0.53 (syst) and 2.36 ± 0.09 (stat) ± 0.47 (syst), respectively. This corresponds to an excess of more than five standard deviations over the expected background. The present result constitutes the first observation of proton-tagged γγ collisions at the electroweak scale. This measurement also demonstrates that CT-PPS performs according to the design specifications.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].",
keywords = "Forward physics, Hadron-Hadron scattering (experiments), Photon production, proton-proton scattering",
author = "{The CMS Collaboration} and {The TOTEM collaboration} and Sirunyan, {A. M.} and A. Tumasyan and W. Adam and F. Ambrogi and E. Asilar and T. Bergauer and J. Brandstetter and E. Brondolin and M. Dragicevic and J. Er{\"o} and {Escalante Del Valle}, A. and M. Flechl and M. Friedl and R. Fr{\"u}hwirth and Ghete, {V. M.} and J. Grossmann and J. Hrubec and M. Jeitler and A. K{\"o}nig and N. Krammer and I. Kr{\"a}tschmer and D. Liko and T. Madlener and I. Mikulec and E. Pree and N. Rad and H. Rohringer and J. Schieck and R. Sch{\"o}fbeck and M. Spanring and D. Spitzbart and A. Taurok and W. Waltenberger and J. Wittmann and Wulz, {C. E.} and M. Zarucki and V. Chekhovsky and V. Mossolov and {Suarez Gonzalez}, J. and {De Wolf}, {E. A.} and {Di Croce}, D. and X. Janssen and J. Lauwers and M. Pieters and {Van De Klundert}, M. and {Van Haevermaet}, H. and {Van Mechelen}, P. and {Van Remortel}, N. and Suyong Choi and Park, {Sung Keun}",
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T1 - Observation of proton-tagged, central (semi)exclusive production of high-mass lepton pairs in pp collisions at 13 TeV with the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer

AU - The CMS Collaboration

AU - The TOTEM collaboration

AU - Sirunyan, A. M.

AU - Tumasyan, A.

AU - Adam, W.

AU - Ambrogi, F.

AU - Asilar, E.

AU - Bergauer, T.

AU - Brandstetter, J.

AU - Brondolin, E.

AU - Dragicevic, M.

AU - Erö, J.

AU - Escalante Del Valle, A.

AU - Flechl, M.

AU - Friedl, M.

AU - Frühwirth, R.

AU - Ghete, V. M.

AU - Grossmann, J.

AU - Hrubec, J.

AU - Jeitler, M.

AU - König, A.

AU - Krammer, N.

AU - Krätschmer, I.

AU - Liko, D.

AU - Madlener, T.

AU - Mikulec, I.

AU - Pree, E.

AU - Rad, N.

AU - Rohringer, H.

AU - Schieck, J.

AU - Schöfbeck, R.

AU - Spanring, M.

AU - Spitzbart, D.

AU - Taurok, A.

AU - Waltenberger, W.

AU - Wittmann, J.

AU - Wulz, C. E.

AU - Zarucki, M.

AU - Chekhovsky, V.

AU - Mossolov, V.

AU - Suarez Gonzalez, J.

AU - De Wolf, E. A.

AU - Di Croce, D.

AU - Janssen, X.

AU - Lauwers, J.

AU - Pieters, M.

AU - Van De Klundert, M.

AU - Van Haevermaet, H.

AU - Van Mechelen, P.

AU - Van Remortel, N.

AU - Choi, Suyong

AU - Park, Sung Keun

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N2 - The process pp → pℓ+ℓ−p(*), with ℓ+ℓ− a muon or an electron pair produced at midrapidity with mass larger than 110 GeV, has been observed for the first time at the LHC in pp collisions at s=13 TeV. One of the two scattered protons is measured in the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer (CT-PPS), which operated for the first time in 2016. The second proton either remains intact or is excited and then dissociates into a low-mass state p*, which is undetected. The measurement is based on an integrated luminosity of 9.4 fb−1 collected during standard, high-luminosity LHC operation. A total of 12 μ+μ− and 8 e+e− pairs with m(ℓ+ℓ−) > 110 GeV, and matching forward proton kinematics, are observed, with expected backgrounds of 1.49 ± 0.07 (stat) ± 0.53 (syst) and 2.36 ± 0.09 (stat) ± 0.47 (syst), respectively. This corresponds to an excess of more than five standard deviations over the expected background. The present result constitutes the first observation of proton-tagged γγ collisions at the electroweak scale. This measurement also demonstrates that CT-PPS performs according to the design specifications.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

AB - The process pp → pℓ+ℓ−p(*), with ℓ+ℓ− a muon or an electron pair produced at midrapidity with mass larger than 110 GeV, has been observed for the first time at the LHC in pp collisions at s=13 TeV. One of the two scattered protons is measured in the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer (CT-PPS), which operated for the first time in 2016. The second proton either remains intact or is excited and then dissociates into a low-mass state p*, which is undetected. The measurement is based on an integrated luminosity of 9.4 fb−1 collected during standard, high-luminosity LHC operation. A total of 12 μ+μ− and 8 e+e− pairs with m(ℓ+ℓ−) > 110 GeV, and matching forward proton kinematics, are observed, with expected backgrounds of 1.49 ± 0.07 (stat) ± 0.53 (syst) and 2.36 ± 0.09 (stat) ± 0.47 (syst), respectively. This corresponds to an excess of more than five standard deviations over the expected background. The present result constitutes the first observation of proton-tagged γγ collisions at the electroweak scale. This measurement also demonstrates that CT-PPS performs according to the design specifications.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

KW - Forward physics

KW - Hadron-Hadron scattering (experiments)

KW - Photon production

KW - proton-proton scattering

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U2 - 10.1007/JHEP07(2018)153

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