Observation of Transverse Λ / Λ Hyperon Polarization in e+e- Annihilation at Belle

Y. Guan, A. Vossen, I. Adachi, K. Adamczyk, Jung Keun Ahn, H. Aihara, S. Al Said, D. M. Asner, H. Atmacan, V. Aulchenko, T. Aushev, R. Ayad, V. Babu, I. Badhrees, A. M. Bakich, V. Bansal, P. Behera, C. Beleño, M. Berger, V. BhardwajB. Bhuyan, T. Bilka, J. Biswal, A. Bobrov, G. Bonvicini, A. Bozek, M. Bračko, T. E. Browder, L. Cao, D. Červenkov, P. Chang, V. Chekelian, A. Chen, B. G. Cheon, K. Chilikin, K. Cho, S. K. Choi, Y. Choi, D. Cinabro, S. Cunliffe, N. Dash, S. Di Carlo, J. Dingfelder, Z. DoleŽal, T. V. Dong, Z. Drásal, S. Eidelman, D. Epifanov, J. E. Fast, T. Ferber, B. G. Fulsom, R. Garg, V. Gaur, N. Gabyshev, A. Garmash, M. Gelb, A. Giri, P. Goldenzweig, B. Golob, E. Guido, J. Haba, K. Hayasaka, H. Hayashii, S. Hirose, W. S. Hou, T. Iijima, K. Inami, G. Inguglia, A. Ishikawa, R. Itoh, M. Iwasaki, Y. Iwasaki, W. W. Jacobs, I. Jaegle, H. B. Jeon, S. Jia, Y. Jin, D. Joffe, K. K. Joo, T. Julius, K. H. Kang, T. Kawasaki, C. Kiesling, D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kim, J. B. Kim, K. T. Kim, S. H. Kim, K. Kinoshita, P. Kodyš, S. Korpar, D. Kotchetkov, P. KriŽan, R. Kroeger, P. Krokovny, T. Kuhr, R. Kulasiri, A. Kuzmin, Y. J. Kwon, J. S. Lange, I. S. Lee, S. C. Lee, L. K. Li, Y. B. Li, L. Li Gioi, J. Libby, D. Liventsev, M. Lubej, T. Luo, M. Masuda, T. Matsuda, D. Matvienko, M. Merola, H. Miyata, R. Mizuk, G. B. Mohanty, H. K. Moon, T. Mori, R. Mussa, M. Nakao, T. Nanut, K. J. Nath, Z. Natkaniec, M. Nayak, M. Niiyama, N. K. Nisar, S. Nishida, S. Ogawa, S. Okuno, H. Ono, P. Pakhlov, G. Pakhlova, B. Pal, S. Pardi, H. Park, S. Paul, T. K. Pedlar, R. Pestotnik, L. E. Piilonen, V. Popov, E. Prencipe, A. Rabusov, A. Rostomyan, G. Russo, D. Sahoo, Y. Sakai, M. Salehi, S. Sandilya, L. Santelj, T. Sanuki, V. Savinov, O. Schneider, G. Schnell, C. Schwanda, R. Seidl, Y. Seino, K. Senyo, O. Seon, M. E. Sevior, V. Shebalin, C. P. Shen, T. A. Shibata, J. G. Shiu, F. Simon, A. Sokolov, E. Solovieva, M. Starič, J. F. Strube, M. Sumihama, T. Sumiyoshi, W. Sutcliffe, K. Suzuki, M. Takizawa, U. Tamponi, K. Tanida, F. Tenchini, M. Uchida, T. Uglov, Y. Unno, S. Uno, P. Urquijo, Y. Usov, S. E. Vahsen, C. Van Hulse, R. Van Tonder, G. Varner, A. Vinokurova, V. Vorobyev, E. Waheed, B. Wang, C. H. Wang, M. Z. Wang, P. Wang, X. L. Wang, S. Watanuki, E. Widmann, Eunil Won, H. Ye, J. Yelton, J. H. Yin, C. Z. Yuan, Y. Yusa, Z. P. Zhang, V. Zhilich, V. Zhukova, V. Zhulanov, A. Zupanc

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Abstract

We report the first observation of the spontaneous polarization of Λ and Λ hyperons transverse to the production plane in e+e- annihilation, which is attributed to the effect arising from a polarizing fragmentation function. For inclusive Λ/Λ production, we also report results with subtracted feed-down contributions from Σ0 and charm. This measurement uses a dataset of 800.4 fb-1 collected by the Belle experiment at or near a center-of-mass energy of 10.58 GeV. We observe a significant polarization that rises with the fractional energy carried by the Λ/Λ hyperon.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042001
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Guan, Y., Vossen, A., Adachi, I., Adamczyk, K., Ahn, J. K., Aihara, H., Al Said, S., Asner, D. M., Atmacan, H., Aulchenko, V., Aushev, T., Ayad, R., Babu, V., Badhrees, I., Bakich, A. M., Bansal, V., Behera, P., Beleño, C., Berger, M., ... Zupanc, A. (2019). Observation of Transverse Λ / Λ Hyperon Polarization in e+e- Annihilation at Belle. Physical Review Letters, 122(4), [042001]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.042001