Obstructive sleep apnea as a risk factor for silent cerebral infarction

Eo Rin Cho, Hyun Kim, Hyung Suk Seo, Sooyeon Suh, Seung Ku Lee, Chol Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be a risk factor for stroke. In this study, we assessed that OSA is an independent risk factor of silent cerebral infarction (SCI) in the general population, and in a non-obese population. This study recruited a total of 746 participants (252 men and 494 women) aged 50-79 years as part of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES); they underwent polysomnography, brain magnetic resonance imaging and health screening examinations. SCI was assessed by subtypes and brain regions, and lacunar infarction represented lesions <15 mm in size in the penetrating arteries. Moderate-severe OSA was determined by apnea-hypopnea index ≥15. The results indicated that 12.06% had moderate-severe OSA, 7.64% of participants had SCI and 4.96% had lacunar infarction. Moderate-severe OSA was associated positively with SCI [odds ratio (OR): 2.44, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-5.80] and lacunar infarction (OR: 3.48, 95% CI: 1.31-9.23) in the age ≥65-year group compared with those with non-OSA. Additionally, in the basal ganglia, OSA was associated with an increase in the odds for SCI and lacunar infarction in all age groups, and especially in the ≥65-year age group. In the non-obese participants, OSA was also associated positively with SCI in the ≥65-year age group, lacunar infarction in all age groups, and especially in the ≥65-year age group. There was also a positive association with the basal ganglia. Moderate-severe OSA was associated positively with SCI and lacunar infarction in elderly participants. Treatment of OSA may reduce new first-time cerebrovascular events and recurrences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-458
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sleep Research
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug

Keywords

  • Basal ganglia
  • Lacunar infarction
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Risk factors
  • Silent cerebral infarction
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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