Occupational exposure to carbofuran and the incidence oc cancer in the agricultural health study

Matthew R. Bonner, Won Jin Lee, Dale P. Sandler, Jane A. Hoppin, Mustafa Dosemeci, Michael C R Alavanja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbofuran is a carbamate insecticide registered for use on a variety of food crops including corn, alfalfa, rice, and tobacco. An estimated 5 million pounds of carbofuran is used annually in the United States, and 45% of urban African-American women have detectable levels of carbofuran in their plasma. Nitrosated carbofuran has demonstrated mutagenic properties. We examined exposure to carbofuran and several tumor sites among 49,877 licensed pesticide applicators from Iowa and North Carolina enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study. We obtained information regarding years of use, frequency of use in an average year, and when use began for 22 pesticides using self-administered questionnaires. Poisson regression was used to calculate rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) adjusting for potential confounders. Lung cancer risk was 3-fold higher for those with > 109 days of lifetime exposure to carbofuran (RR = 3.05; 95% CI, 0.94-9.87) compared with those with < 9 lifetime exposure days, with a significant dose-response trend for both days of use per year and total years of use. However, carbofuran use was not associated with lung cancer risk when nonexposed persons were used as the referent. In addition, carbofuran exposure was not associated with any other cancer site examined. Although carbamate pesticides are suspected human carcinogens, these results should be interpreted cautiously because there was no a priori hypothesis specifically linking carbofuran to lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-289
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume113
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Agriculture
  • Cancer incidence
  • Carbofuran
  • Lung cancer
  • Pesticides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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