Occurrence and characterization of oseltamivirresistant influenza virus in children between 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 seasons

Seoung Geun Kim, Yoon Ha Hwang, Yung Hae Shin, Sung Won Kim, Woo Sik Jung, Sung Mi Kim, Jae Min Oh, Na Young Lee, Mun Ju Kim, Kyung Soon Cho, Yeon Gyeong Park, Sang Kee Min, Chang Kyu Lee, Jun Sub Kim, Chun Kang, Joo Yeon Lee, Man Kyu Huh, Chang Hoon Kim

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Abstract

Purpose: There was a global increase in the prevalence of oseltamivir-resistant influenza viruses during the 2007-2008 influenza season. This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence and characteristics of oseltamivir-resistant influenza viruses during the 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 influenza seasons among patients who were treated with oseltamivir (group A) and those that did not receive oseltamivir (group B). Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 321 pediatric patients who were hospitalized because of influenza during the 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 influenza seasons. Drug resistance tests were conducted on influenza viruses isolated from 91 patients. Results: There was no significant difference between the clinical characteristics of groups A and B during both seasons. Influenza A/H1N1, isolated from both groups A and B during the 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 periods, was not resistant to zanamivir. However, phenotypic analysis of the virus revealed a high oseltamivir IC 50 range and that H275Y substitution of the neuraminidase (NA) gene and partial variation of the hemagglutinin (HA) gene did not affect its antigenicity to the HA vaccine even though group A had a shorter hospitalization duration and fewer lower respiratory tract complications than group B. In addition, there was no significant difference in the clinical manifestations between oseltamivirsus ceptible and oseltamivir-resistant strains of influenza A/H1N1. Conclusion: Establishment of guidelines to efficiently treat influenza with oseltamivir, a commonly used drug for treating influenza in Korean pediatric patients, and a treatment strategy with a new therapeutic agent is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-175
Number of pages11
JournalKorean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 26

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Keywords

  • Influenza
  • Oseltamivir
  • Pediatrics
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Kim, S. G., Hwang, Y. H., Shin, Y. H., Kim, S. W., Jung, W. S., Kim, S. M., Oh, J. M., Lee, N. Y., Kim, M. J., Cho, K. S., Park, Y. G., Min, S. K., Lee, C. K., Kim, J. S., Kang, C., Lee, J. Y., Huh, M. K., & Kim, C. H. (2013). Occurrence and characterization of oseltamivirresistant influenza virus in children between 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 seasons. Korean Journal of Pediatrics, 56(4), 165-175. https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2013.56.3.165