Purpose: To investigate the features of neovascularization (NV) in eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) according to the treatment interval of intravitreal aflibercept injection (IVI). Design: Retrospective, interventional, comparative case series. Methods: Patients with type 1 NV treated with the “pro re nata” regimen after 3 loading IVI were classified into 2 groups based on the numbers of treatments during 12 months, specifically a stable group who required fewer than 2 injections and an unstable group who required more than 3 injections. Quantitative features of OCTA including NV area, NV length, NV density, endpoint density (open-ended vessels per unit length), junction density (vessel junction per unit length), lacunarity, and largest vessel caliber were compared between the 2 groups. Results: Among 71 eyes, 38 and 33 eyes were classified into the stable and unstable groups, respectively. The unstable group had higher endpoint densities (stable vs unstable: 2.72 vs 3.18; P = . = .03) and higher levels of lacunarity (0.177 vs 0.211; P = .028). The area, density, length of NV, junction density, and largest vessel caliber were not different between the 2 groups (P = .057, P = .184, P = .062, P = .160, and P = .473, respectively). Endpoint density was correlated with the unstable group in both univariate and multivariate analyses (P = .004, P = .002, respectively). A predictive model with an endpoint index demonstrated a sensitivity of 93.75% and a negative predictive value of 89.47% for the unstable group. Conclusions: The characteristics of NV in eyes of exudative age-related macular degeneration with type 1 NV were different according to treatment requirements. Identifying the features of NV on OCTA might be helpful for predicting clinical outcomes and optimal treatment intervals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas