GaN-based semiconductors are of great technological importance for the fabrication of optoelectronic devices, such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes. The further improvement of LED performance can be achieved through the enhancement of external quantum efficiency. In this regard, highquality p-type ohmic electrodes having low contact resistance and high transmittance (or reflectivity), along with thermal stability, must be developed because p-type ohmic contacts play a key role in the performance of LEDs. In this paper, we review recent advances in p-type ohmic-contact technology for GaN-based LEDs. A variety of methods for forming transparent and reflective ohmic contacts are introduced.
- Gallium nitride
- Light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
- Transparent and reflective ohmic contacts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering