On pinchoff behavior of electrified droplets

Min Wook Lee, Na Young Kim, Suk Goo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) inkjets produce micro- and nano-sized droplets by using an electrostatic field imposed between the nozzle and the substrate. The conducting droplet about to separate (or "pinchoff") from the continuous fluid undergoes a transitional topological change under the competition between the electrical force due the imposed electrostatic field and the forces arising from liquid's own thermo-physical properties, such as viscosity and surface tension. This study is the first attempt to elucidate the pinchoff topology and characteristics of an electrified liquid droplet experimentally. Aspect ratio, which is defined as the ratio of the vertical (b) to horizontal (a) dimensions of a pinchoff droplet, is reported. The range of the dimensionless charging level (Ne) that yields stable microdripping droplets is also reported for various liquids (i.e., acetone, methanol, ethanol, water, dimethylformamide, and methoxyethanol). We experimentally showed that pinchoff topology is a function of both the charge level (Ne) and the electrical conductivity (K) of the droplet liquid. Despite the different properties of the liquids examined, pinchoff topologies were similar when Ne and K were set as constants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-124
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 1

Fingerprint

droplet
liquid
topology
Liquids
Topology
Electric fields
Dimethylformamide
Electrohydrodynamics
surface tension
Acetone
acetone
electrical conductivity
Methanol
Surface tension
methanol
Aspect ratio
ethanol
Nozzles
Ethanol
Thermodynamic properties

Keywords

  • Aspect ratio
  • EHD (electrohydrodynamics)
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Microdripping
  • Pinchoff
  • Topology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

On pinchoff behavior of electrified droplets. / Lee, Min Wook; Kim, Na Young; Yoon, Suk Goo.

In: Journal of Aerosol Science, Vol. 57, 01.03.2013, p. 114-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Min Wook ; Kim, Na Young ; Yoon, Suk Goo. / On pinchoff behavior of electrified droplets. In: Journal of Aerosol Science. 2013 ; Vol. 57. pp. 114-124.
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