On the symbol error rates for signal space diversity schemes over a rician fading channel

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18 Citations (Scopus)


A signal space diversity (SSD) scheme is one of techniques to achieve diversity gain in fading channels. This method consists of two key operations: constellation rotation and component-wise interleaving. Because of these operations, the decision boundaries for the SSD are no longer perpendicular, and thus, different coordination approaches are required for the analysis of error rates compared to conventional rectangular coordinates. In this letter, we derive an exact expression of the symbol error rate for the SSD scheme in Rician fading channels with M-QAM and M-PSK. By defining the ratio of the standard deviation of the inphase and quadrature components, we introduce a new signal model for the SSD. Based on this signal model, we can compute the exact symbol error rate using polar coordinates. The computer simulation results confirm the accuracy of our analysis for fading channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2204-2209
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 7



  • Polar coordinates
  • Rician fading channels
  • Signal space diversity (SSD)
  • Symbol error rates (SER)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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