One-pot aprotic solvent-enabled synthesis of superionic Li-argyrodite solid electrolyte

Young Jin Heo, Seung Deok Seo, Suk Ho Hwang, Sun Hee Choi, Dong Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Li-argyrodite phase Li6PS5Cl is a promising solid electrolyte (SE) with potential applications in all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs). Conventional SE synthesis methods such as high-energy ball-milling and solid-state synthesis require a significant amount of energy. Consequently, in recent years, several studies have been conducted on developing liquid phase methods for mass-producing SEs. One such liquid phase method uses tetrahydrofuran (THF, an aprotic solvent) and ethanol (EtOH, a protic solvent) to synthesize Li6PS5Cl. However, the synthesized SE contains impurities that are generated by reactions between EtOH and PS43−. In this study, we present a novel one-pot liquid phase method for synthesizing Li6PS5Cl using THF. The synthesized SE had a high ionic conductivity (2.03 mS·cm−1) and low electronic conductivity (7.44 × 10−8 S·cm−1). Notably, it had few impurities and was essentially composed of a single phase. Furthermore, an ASSB cell composed of LiNbO3-coated LiNi0.6Mn0.2CoO2 (NMC622)/Li6PS5Cl/Li-In, which contained the synthesized SE, exhibited a high discharge capacity of 156 mAh·g−1. Therefore, the liquid phase method proposed herein can be used to synthesize SEs, and can help realize mass production and commercialization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • all-solid-state lithium batteries
  • Li-argyrodite
  • liquid-phase synthesis
  • one-pot process
  • sulfide solid electrolyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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