One-pot facile synthesis of Janus-structured SnO 2 -CuO composite nanorods and their application as anode materials in Li-ion batteries

Seung Ho Choi, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SnO 2 -CuO composite nanorods with a Janus structure were prepared by one-step flame spray pyrolysis. High-aspect-ratio SnO 2 nanorods were positioned on one side of the spherical CuO powder. The mean length of the rod-shaped crystals decreased from 200 to 20 nm when the SnO 2 content in the composite powders decreased from 70 to 10 wt%. Initially, SnO 2 -CuO composite nanopowders formed from the vapors in the high-temperature diffusion flame by surface growth and coagulation. Phase separation of the composite nanopowders occurred and rod-like Janus structures evolved during the growth of SnO 2 and CuO crystals in the quenching process. The maximum charge capacities of pure SnO 2 and the composite powders with SnO 2 /CuO of 90/10, 70/30, and 50/50 were 547, 499, 493, and 316 mA h g -1 , respectively, at a high current density of 3000 mA g -1 . The corresponding capacity retentions after 50 cycles were found to be 39, 47, 80, and 85%, respectively. The decrease in the charge capacity with increasing current density was slower in SnO 2 -CuO (70/30) composite powders than in pure SnO 2 . The Janus-structured SnO 2 -CuO (70/30) composite powders showed a high charge capacity and excellent cycling performance at high current densities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4662-4668
Number of pages7
JournalNanoscale
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 7
Externally publishedYes

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Nanorods
Anodes
Powders
Composite materials
Current density
Crystals
Spray pyrolysis
Lithium-ion batteries
Coagulation
Phase separation
Aspect ratio
Quenching
Vapors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

One-pot facile synthesis of Janus-structured SnO 2 -CuO composite nanorods and their application as anode materials in Li-ion batteries . / Choi, Seung Ho; Kang, Yun Chan.

In: Nanoscale, Vol. 5, No. 11, 07.06.2013, p. 4662-4668.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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