Operation and performance analyses of 350 and 700 MHz low-/high-temperature superconductor nuclear magnetic resonance magnets: A march toward operating frequencies above 1 GHz

Seungyong Hahn, Juan Bascuán, Haigun Lee, Emanuel S. Bobrov, Wooseok Kim, Min Cheol Ahn, Yukikazu Iwasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)


Since 2000, a three-phase program with a final goal to complete a 1 GHz high-resolution low-/high-temperature superconductor (LTS/HTS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) magnet has been conducted at the Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). In a LTS/HTS magnet assembly, a HTS insert is placed in the cold bore of a LTS background magnet. To date, two LTS/HTS magnets have been designed, constructed, and tested: a 350 MHz (LH350) in phase 1 and a 700 MHz (LH700) in phase 2. The program's target has recently been upgraded from the original goal of 1 GHz to a new goal of 1.3 GHz. In this paper, we present extensive performance analyses of the two LTS/HTS NMR magnets. Spatial homogeneity and temporal stability of LH350 and LH700, examined with harmonic analysis, and four key issues that became evident in the operation of these two magnets are discussed: (1) field constant reduction, (2) "large" residual Z1 gradient and its temporal decay, (3) large one-periodic tesseral field gradients, and (4) screening-current-induced field in the HTS inserts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024501
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 9


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this