In this paper, we present a power allocation method for a distributed antenna system (DAS) to maximize energy efficiency (EE), which is defined as the ratio of the transmission rate to the total consumed power. Different from conventional EE maximization schemes that require iterative numerical methods, we derive the optimal solution as a closed form by solving Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions. The obtained closed-form expression is applicable to DAS with an arbitrary number of distributed antenna (DA) ports and general per-DA port power constraints and is also guaranteed to be globally optimum. Then, we provide several interesting observations on the proposed EE maximizing power allocation scheme. Based on these results, we propose a simplified practical power allocation method that employs the DA port selection and computes the power level in a distributed manner. Through Monte Carlo simulations, we show that the proposed optimal power allocation method produces the EE identical to exhaustive search with significantly reduced computational complexity. In addition, it is shown that the proposed simplified power allocation method based on the DA port selection exhibits little performance loss compared to the optimal algorithm with a remarkable reduction in the system overhead.
- Energy efficiency
- distributed antenna systems
- optimal power allocation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering