Optimal synthetic design of second-order nonlinear optical material with good temporal stability

Dong Hoon Choi, Sangyup Song, Woong Sang Jahng, Nakjoong Kim

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Second-order nonlinear optical copolymers containing p-hydroxyphenyl maleimide or 4-cinnamoyloxy-phenylmaleimide as a comonomer were newly synthesized. For improving the temporal stability, we adopted the crosslink reaction thermally and photochemically. Second-order nonlinear optical properties of the poled/cured films were investigated in terms of the second harmonic generation (SHG) and linear electro-optic (EO) coefficient measurement. SHG coefficient, d33 was found to be 14 pm/V at the fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm and EO coefficient, r33 was found to be 25-30 pm/V at 633 nm wavelength in two different crosslinked structures. To prevent the orientational relaxation of poled polymer, thermal crosslink reaction was induced using diisocyanate as a crosslinker between the side chains themselves. Another photo-crosslink was induced exposing the film at 257 nm wavelength during poling. Temporal stabilities of second-order NLO coefficients of crosslinked polymer systems were proved much better than that of guest-host system or other side chain polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-26
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals Science and Technology Section A: Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals
Volume280
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

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Optical materials
optical materials
Polymers
Electrooptical effects
Harmonic generation
Wavelength
coefficients
electro-optics
harmonic generations
polymers
wavelengths
diisocyanates
Copolymers
Optical properties
copolymers
optical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "Second-order nonlinear optical copolymers containing p-hydroxyphenyl maleimide or 4-cinnamoyloxy-phenylmaleimide as a comonomer were newly synthesized. For improving the temporal stability, we adopted the crosslink reaction thermally and photochemically. Second-order nonlinear optical properties of the poled/cured films were investigated in terms of the second harmonic generation (SHG) and linear electro-optic (EO) coefficient measurement. SHG coefficient, d33 was found to be 14 pm/V at the fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm and EO coefficient, r33 was found to be 25-30 pm/V at 633 nm wavelength in two different crosslinked structures. To prevent the orientational relaxation of poled polymer, thermal crosslink reaction was induced using diisocyanate as a crosslinker between the side chains themselves. Another photo-crosslink was induced exposing the film at 257 nm wavelength during poling. Temporal stabilities of second-order NLO coefficients of crosslinked polymer systems were proved much better than that of guest-host system or other side chain polymers.",
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AU - Choi, Dong Hoon

AU - Song, Sangyup

AU - Jahng, Woong Sang

AU - Kim, Nakjoong

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N2 - Second-order nonlinear optical copolymers containing p-hydroxyphenyl maleimide or 4-cinnamoyloxy-phenylmaleimide as a comonomer were newly synthesized. For improving the temporal stability, we adopted the crosslink reaction thermally and photochemically. Second-order nonlinear optical properties of the poled/cured films were investigated in terms of the second harmonic generation (SHG) and linear electro-optic (EO) coefficient measurement. SHG coefficient, d33 was found to be 14 pm/V at the fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm and EO coefficient, r33 was found to be 25-30 pm/V at 633 nm wavelength in two different crosslinked structures. To prevent the orientational relaxation of poled polymer, thermal crosslink reaction was induced using diisocyanate as a crosslinker between the side chains themselves. Another photo-crosslink was induced exposing the film at 257 nm wavelength during poling. Temporal stabilities of second-order NLO coefficients of crosslinked polymer systems were proved much better than that of guest-host system or other side chain polymers.

AB - Second-order nonlinear optical copolymers containing p-hydroxyphenyl maleimide or 4-cinnamoyloxy-phenylmaleimide as a comonomer were newly synthesized. For improving the temporal stability, we adopted the crosslink reaction thermally and photochemically. Second-order nonlinear optical properties of the poled/cured films were investigated in terms of the second harmonic generation (SHG) and linear electro-optic (EO) coefficient measurement. SHG coefficient, d33 was found to be 14 pm/V at the fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm and EO coefficient, r33 was found to be 25-30 pm/V at 633 nm wavelength in two different crosslinked structures. To prevent the orientational relaxation of poled polymer, thermal crosslink reaction was induced using diisocyanate as a crosslinker between the side chains themselves. Another photo-crosslink was induced exposing the film at 257 nm wavelength during poling. Temporal stabilities of second-order NLO coefficients of crosslinked polymer systems were proved much better than that of guest-host system or other side chain polymers.

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