Optimal viscosity and particle shape of hyaluronic acid filler as a scaffold for human fibroblasts

Deok Yeol Kim, Sik Namgoong, Seung-Kyu Han, Chang Hoon Won, Seong-Ho Jeong, Eun-Sang Dhong, Woo-Kyung Kim

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    5 Citations (Scopus)


    The authors previously reported that cultured human fibroblasts suspended in a hyaluronic acid filler can produce human dermal matrices with extended in vivo stability in animal and clinical studies. The present study was undertaken to determine the optimal viscosity and particle shape of hyaluronic acid filler as a scaffold for cultured human dermal fibroblasts to enhance the maximal viability of injected cells. The fibroblasts were suspended in either 1 of 3 hyaluronic acid viscosities at 2 different particle shapes. The viscosities used in this study were low (600,000- 800,000 centipoises), moderate (2,000,000-4,000,000 centipoises), and high (8,000,000-12,000,000 centipoises). The particle shape was evaluated by testing round and irregular shapes. The fibroblast mixed bioimplants were injected into the back of individual athymic nude mice. The levels of type I collagen were measured using fluorescent-activated cell sorting (FACS) and immunohistochemical staining at 16 weeks after the injections. Results of FACS demonstrated that the mean cell ratio with human collagens in the moderate viscosity group was greater than those of control, low, and high viscosity groups. An immunohistochemical study showed similar results. The moderate viscosity group demonstrated the highest positive staining of human collagens. However, there were no significant differences between groups of irregular and round shape particles. A hyaluronic acid bioimplant with moderate viscosity is superior to that with low or high viscosity in the viability for human fibroblasts. However, the particle shape does not influence the viability of the fibroblasts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1534-1538
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1


    • Fibroblast
    • Hyaluronic acid filler
    • Tissue engineering

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Otorhinolaryngology


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