We optimized Ni/Ag-based p-type reflectors for the improvement of efficiency of 273 nm deep ultraviolet (DUV) AlGaN-based flip-chip light emitting diodes (FCLEDs). The Ni(3 nm)/Ag(5-15 nm)/Al/Ni and Ni(25-50 nm)/Ag/Ni contacts exhibited higher reflectance (36.4-39.5%) at 273 nm than reference Ni(5 nm)/Au(5 nm)/Al/Ni contact (26.1%). The Ni(3 nm)/Ag/Al(200 nm)/Ni(20 nm) and Ni/Ag(200 nm)/Ni(20 nm)-based FCLEDs gave forward voltages in the rage of 6.93-7.11 V and 5.5-6.28 V at 20 mA, respectively, whereas the Ni/Au-based sample showed 6.35 V. Further, the Ni(3 nm)/Ag(10 nm)/Al/Ni-based and Ni(50 nm)/Ag(200 nm)/Ni-based samples exhibited 4.85% and 13.4% larger output power at 1.2 W than the reference sample. The Ni(3 nm)/Ag(10 nm)-based and Ni(50 nm)/Ag(200 nm)/Ni-based samples produced 5.6% and 8.5% higher peak external quantum efficiency than the reference sample. It was further shown that the Ni(3 nm)/Ag(10 nm)/Al/Ni-based and Ni(50 nm)/Ag(200 nm)/Ni-based samples experienced less efficiency droop (namely, 27.9 and 26.4%, respectively) than the reference sample (31.4%). Based on the scanning transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy results, the ohmic formation mechanism is described and discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials