Optimization of supersonic nozzle flow for titanium dioxide thin-film coating by aerosol deposition

M. W. Lee, J. J. Park, D. Y. Kim, Suk Goo Yoon, Ho Young Kim, Donghwan Kim, S. C. James, S. Chandra, Thomas Coyle, J. H. Ryu, W. H. Yoon, D. S. Park

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39 Citations (Scopus)


Aerosol deposition (AD) is an efficient technique for customized coating of various substrates. The small particles of AD yield a dense coating layer with small voids. AD is amenable to rapid coating (mass production), thus, it is economically attractive. Low-temperature AD coating is desirable because it minimizes the thermal degradation of the substrate. An optimized low-cost AD coating technique is of significant interest to solar-cell engineers seeking to reduce manufacturing costs. While most previous studies ignore the importance of nozzle geometry on coating performance, this paper examines non-optimized nozzles and commensurate shockwaves using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The optimized nozzle geometry obtained from CFD can rapidly prototype nozzles. The CFD-designed nozzles with optimized geometry yielded significantly improved coating quality over non-optimized nozzles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-780
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 1



  • Aerosol deposition
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Nozzle optimization
  • Shockwave
  • Supersonic nozzle flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

Lee, M. W., Park, J. J., Kim, D. Y., Yoon, S. G., Kim, H. Y., Kim, D., James, S. C., Chandra, S., Coyle, T., Ryu, J. H., Yoon, W. H., & Park, D. S. (2011). Optimization of supersonic nozzle flow for titanium dioxide thin-film coating by aerosol deposition. Journal of Aerosol Science, 42(11), 771-780. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2011.07.006