Optimized structure of silane-core containing host materials for highly efficient blue TADF OLEDs

Suna Choi, Mallesham Godumala, Ji Hyung Lee, Gyeong Heon Kim, Ji Su Moon, Jun Yun Kim, Dae Wi Yoon, Joong Hwan Yang, Jinook Kim, Min Ju Cho, Jang Hyuk Kwon, Dong Hoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three new derivatives containing silane cores, viz. 9,9′,9′′-(((4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silanetriyl)tris(benzene-4,1-diyl))tris(9H-carbazole) (SiCz3Py1), bis(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)bis(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silane (SiCz2Py2), and 9-(4-(tris(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silyl)phenyl)-9H-carbazole (SiCz1Py3), were designed and synthesized. Carbazole as a donor and pyridine as an acceptor were tethered to tetraphenylsilane at different mole ratios. All three host materials showed high glass transition temperatures between 118 and 164 °C, which are different from those of the previous silane-based host materials (e.g., diphenyldi-o-tolylsilane (UGH-1), 1,4-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-2), and 1,3-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-3)). The triplet energies of these three hosts are observed at 2.85-2.90 eV, which is high enough for them to act as blue host materials in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light emitting diodes (TADF OLEDs). In particular, SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 hosted-TADF OLEDs demonstrated excellent performances, with a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) of 18.7 and 18.8%, respectively. Such good performances of SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 are originated by suppressing the non-radiative triplet decay and high reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rate constant for efficient triplet to singlet up-conversion. This work demonstrates that tetraphenylsilane is a promising non-conjugate (i.e., sp3-hybridized) linkage core for developing a variety of high Tg host materials, particularly for blue TADF OLEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6570-6577
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume5
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Silanes
Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
Benzene
Fluorescence
Quantum efficiency
Pyridine
Rate constants
Derivatives
carbazole
tetraphenylsilane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Optimized structure of silane-core containing host materials for highly efficient blue TADF OLEDs. / Choi, Suna; Godumala, Mallesham; Lee, Ji Hyung; Kim, Gyeong Heon; Moon, Ji Su; Kim, Jun Yun; Yoon, Dae Wi; Yang, Joong Hwan; Kim, Jinook; Cho, Min Ju; Kwon, Jang Hyuk; Choi, Dong Hoon.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 5, No. 26, 2017, p. 6570-6577.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choi, S, Godumala, M, Lee, JH, Kim, GH, Moon, JS, Kim, JY, Yoon, DW, Yang, JH, Kim, J, Cho, MJ, Kwon, JH & Choi, DH 2017, 'Optimized structure of silane-core containing host materials for highly efficient blue TADF OLEDs', Journal of Materials Chemistry C, vol. 5, no. 26, pp. 6570-6577. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7tc01357d
Choi, Suna ; Godumala, Mallesham ; Lee, Ji Hyung ; Kim, Gyeong Heon ; Moon, Ji Su ; Kim, Jun Yun ; Yoon, Dae Wi ; Yang, Joong Hwan ; Kim, Jinook ; Cho, Min Ju ; Kwon, Jang Hyuk ; Choi, Dong Hoon. / Optimized structure of silane-core containing host materials for highly efficient blue TADF OLEDs. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C. 2017 ; Vol. 5, No. 26. pp. 6570-6577.
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abstract = "Three new derivatives containing silane cores, viz. 9,9′,9′′-(((4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silanetriyl)tris(benzene-4,1-diyl))tris(9H-carbazole) (SiCz3Py1), bis(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)bis(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silane (SiCz2Py2), and 9-(4-(tris(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silyl)phenyl)-9H-carbazole (SiCz1Py3), were designed and synthesized. Carbazole as a donor and pyridine as an acceptor were tethered to tetraphenylsilane at different mole ratios. All three host materials showed high glass transition temperatures between 118 and 164 °C, which are different from those of the previous silane-based host materials (e.g., diphenyldi-o-tolylsilane (UGH-1), 1,4-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-2), and 1,3-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-3)). The triplet energies of these three hosts are observed at 2.85-2.90 eV, which is high enough for them to act as blue host materials in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light emitting diodes (TADF OLEDs). In particular, SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 hosted-TADF OLEDs demonstrated excellent performances, with a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) of 18.7 and 18.8{\%}, respectively. Such good performances of SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 are originated by suppressing the non-radiative triplet decay and high reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rate constant for efficient triplet to singlet up-conversion. This work demonstrates that tetraphenylsilane is a promising non-conjugate (i.e., sp3-hybridized) linkage core for developing a variety of high Tg host materials, particularly for blue TADF OLEDs.",
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AU - Choi, Suna

AU - Godumala, Mallesham

AU - Lee, Ji Hyung

AU - Kim, Gyeong Heon

AU - Moon, Ji Su

AU - Kim, Jun Yun

AU - Yoon, Dae Wi

AU - Yang, Joong Hwan

AU - Kim, Jinook

AU - Cho, Min Ju

AU - Kwon, Jang Hyuk

AU - Choi, Dong Hoon

PY - 2017

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N2 - Three new derivatives containing silane cores, viz. 9,9′,9′′-(((4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silanetriyl)tris(benzene-4,1-diyl))tris(9H-carbazole) (SiCz3Py1), bis(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)bis(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silane (SiCz2Py2), and 9-(4-(tris(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silyl)phenyl)-9H-carbazole (SiCz1Py3), were designed and synthesized. Carbazole as a donor and pyridine as an acceptor were tethered to tetraphenylsilane at different mole ratios. All three host materials showed high glass transition temperatures between 118 and 164 °C, which are different from those of the previous silane-based host materials (e.g., diphenyldi-o-tolylsilane (UGH-1), 1,4-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-2), and 1,3-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-3)). The triplet energies of these three hosts are observed at 2.85-2.90 eV, which is high enough for them to act as blue host materials in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light emitting diodes (TADF OLEDs). In particular, SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 hosted-TADF OLEDs demonstrated excellent performances, with a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) of 18.7 and 18.8%, respectively. Such good performances of SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 are originated by suppressing the non-radiative triplet decay and high reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rate constant for efficient triplet to singlet up-conversion. This work demonstrates that tetraphenylsilane is a promising non-conjugate (i.e., sp3-hybridized) linkage core for developing a variety of high Tg host materials, particularly for blue TADF OLEDs.

AB - Three new derivatives containing silane cores, viz. 9,9′,9′′-(((4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silanetriyl)tris(benzene-4,1-diyl))tris(9H-carbazole) (SiCz3Py1), bis(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)bis(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silane (SiCz2Py2), and 9-(4-(tris(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silyl)phenyl)-9H-carbazole (SiCz1Py3), were designed and synthesized. Carbazole as a donor and pyridine as an acceptor were tethered to tetraphenylsilane at different mole ratios. All three host materials showed high glass transition temperatures between 118 and 164 °C, which are different from those of the previous silane-based host materials (e.g., diphenyldi-o-tolylsilane (UGH-1), 1,4-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-2), and 1,3-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-3)). The triplet energies of these three hosts are observed at 2.85-2.90 eV, which is high enough for them to act as blue host materials in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light emitting diodes (TADF OLEDs). In particular, SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 hosted-TADF OLEDs demonstrated excellent performances, with a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) of 18.7 and 18.8%, respectively. Such good performances of SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 are originated by suppressing the non-radiative triplet decay and high reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rate constant for efficient triplet to singlet up-conversion. This work demonstrates that tetraphenylsilane is a promising non-conjugate (i.e., sp3-hybridized) linkage core for developing a variety of high Tg host materials, particularly for blue TADF OLEDs.

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