Three new derivatives containing silane cores, viz. 9,9′,9′′-(((4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silanetriyl)tris(benzene-4,1-diyl))tris(9H-carbazole) (SiCz3Py1), bis(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)bis(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silane (SiCz2Py2), and 9-(4-(tris(4-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl)silyl)phenyl)-9H-carbazole (SiCz1Py3), were designed and synthesized. Carbazole as a donor and pyridine as an acceptor were tethered to tetraphenylsilane at different mole ratios. All three host materials showed high glass transition temperatures between 118 and 164 °C, which are different from those of the previous silane-based host materials (e.g., diphenyldi-o-tolylsilane (UGH-1), 1,4-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-2), and 1,3-bis(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH-3)). The triplet energies of these three hosts are observed at 2.85-2.90 eV, which is high enough for them to act as blue host materials in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light emitting diodes (TADF OLEDs). In particular, SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 hosted-TADF OLEDs demonstrated excellent performances, with a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) of 18.7 and 18.8%, respectively. Such good performances of SiCz2Py2 and SiCz1Py3 are originated by suppressing the non-radiative triplet decay and high reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rate constant for efficient triplet to singlet up-conversion. This work demonstrates that tetraphenylsilane is a promising non-conjugate (i.e., sp3-hybridized) linkage core for developing a variety of high Tg host materials, particularly for blue TADF OLEDs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry