Thiocarbamates are one of the components of pesticides that target weeds by inhibiting adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis. Orbencarb, one of the isomeric thiocarbamates applied to wheat, maize, and soybean, has been found to have toxic effects on mammals and marine ecosystems. Although the toxicity ranges of orbencarb in different organisms are known, specific studies on the environmental contamination and harmful effects of orbencarb on non-target organisms are scarce. In this study, we observed that orbencarb induced embryotoxicity during zebrafish development as well as apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the intestine. It was further observed that orbencarb decreased the viability of the embryos and simultaneously affected the heart rate and vessel formation. Orbencarb decreased the mRNA levels of ccnd1, ccne1, cdk2, and cdk6 and induced abnormal development of the eyes, brain, yolk sac, and spinal cord in zebrafish embryos. Orbencarb also hampered vasculogenesis in the zebrafish embryos by inhibiting the mRNA expression of flt1, flt4, kdr, and vegfc. Collectively, these results suggested that orbencarb is embryotoxic and disrupts the normal growth of zebrafish embryos by inducing the generation of ROS and hampering vasculogenesis.
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part - C: Toxicology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Jul|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis