Ordered mesoporous C/TiO2 composites as advanced sonocatalysts

Pengpeng Qiu, Wei Li, Kyounglim Kang, Beomguk Park, Wei Luo, Dongyuan Zhao, Jeehyeong Khim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ordered mesoporous C/TiO2 composites have been fabricated via an evaporation induced co-assembly method, and demonstrated as a highly efficient sonocatalyst. The effects of the carbon content in the composites and calcination temperature have been investigated thoroughly in this work and optimized for the production of well-defined mesoporous C/TiO2 materials. The resultant composites possess superior "brick-mortar" frameworks with uniform TiO2 nanocrystals glued by a carbon matrix, and exhibit highly ordered mesostructures with high surface area (∼200 m2 g-1). More importantly, the mesoporous C/TiO2 composites show a high sonocatalytic degradation rate of Rhodamine B. The maximum pseudo-first-order reaction rate constant obtained with the composites 15C-85TiO2-450 (C: 15.2 wt%, TiO2: 84.8 wt%, calcined at 450 °C) is 0.178 min-1, which is 2.7 and 4.8 times higher than that of P25 (0.062 min-1) and ultrasound (0.037 min-1) alone, respectively. The excellent sonocatalytic performance is a result of fast mass diffusion, enhanced nucleation rate and rapid surface hydroxyl radical oxidation. In addition, the recycling test shows that the sonocatalytic degradation rate with 15C-85TiO2-450 is retained even after five cycles, which is related to the well-retained mesostructure with superior mechanical stability. We believe that the present results provide important insights into the design and synthesis of advanced sonocatalysts. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16452-16458
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume2
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 21

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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