Organic template-free synthesis of high-quality CHA type zeolite membranes for carbon dioxide separation

Eunhee Jang, Sungwon Hong, Eunjoo Kim, Nakwon Choi, Sung June Cho, Jungkyu Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microporous chabazite (CHA) zeolite is very promising for CO2 capture because of its appropriate pores with molecular dimensions for the preferential adsorption of CO2 molecules. Herein, CHA type zeolite particles and membranes were prepared by using a seeded growth method in the absence of an organic structure directing agent (OSDA) or template. After substantial effort to find appropriate and reliable conditions for obtaining continuous CHA type zeolite membranes, it was recognized that the formation of these membranes is a highly sensitive function of the Si/Al ratio in the synthetic precursor. Using the appropriate Si/Al ratio of ~50, OSDA-free CHA type zeolite membranes were manufactured with high reproducibility. The resulting OSDA-free CHA type zeolite membranes showed maximum CO2/N2 and CO2/CH4 separation factors of ~12.5 ± 3.8 and ~28.8 ± 6.9, respectively, with a moderate CO2 permeance of ~1 × 10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1. Notably, under more realistic wet conditions (i.e., in the presence of H2O vapor), the separation performance at temperatures above 75 °C was comparable to that obtained under dry conditions, although permeation was hindered below 50 °C, apparently due to the strong adsorption of H2O vapor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-59
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume549
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

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Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide separation
  • Chabazite zeolites
  • Cracks
  • Seeded or secondary growth
  • Template-free synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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